Monday, January 21, 2013

Celebrity Grave: Singer & Actress Peggy Lee 2002

Deathday: Peggy Lee  1920-2002 RIP

Peggy Lee (May 26, 1920 – January 21, 2002) was an award-winning American jazz and popular music singer, songwriter, composer and actress.

Deathday: Peggy Lee  1920-2002 RIP
Early life

Lee had Norwegian and Swedish ancestry. Lee was born Norma Deloris Egstrom in Jamestown, North Dakota, the seventh of eight children of Marvin Egstrom, a station agent for the Midland Continental Railroad. Her mother died when she was four years old.[1] Lee sang professionally with KOVC radio in Valley City, North Dakota. She later had her own series on a radio show sponsored by a local restaurant that paid her a "salary" in food. Both during and after her high school years Lee sang for paltry sums on local radio stations. Radio personality Ken Kennedy (actual name: Ken Sydness) of WDAY in Fargo (the most widely listened to station in North Dakota) changed her name from Norma to Peggy Lee. Lee left home and traveled to Los Angeles at the age of 17.

She returned to North Dakota for a tonsillectomy and eventually made her way to Chicago for a gig at The Buttery Room, a nightclub in the Ambassador Hotel West, where she drew the attention of Benny Goodman, the jazz clarinetist and band leader. According to Lee, "Benny's then-fiancé, Lady Alice Duckworth, came into The Buttery, and she was very impressed. So the next evening she brought Benny in, because they were looking for replacement for Helen Forrest. And although I didn't know, I was it. He was looking at me strangely, I thought, but it was just his preoccupied way of looking. I thought that he didn't like me at first, but it just was that he was preoccupied with what he was hearing." She joined his band in 1941 and stayed for two years.

Deathday: Peggy Lee  1920-2002 RIP
Recording career

In early 1942, Lee had her first #1 hit, "Somebody Else Is Taking My Place," followed by 1943's "Why Don't You Do Right?" (originally sung by Lil Green), which sold over a million copies and made her famous. She sang with Goodman in two 1943 films, Stage Door Canteen and The Powers Girl.

In March 1943, Lee married Dave Barbour, the guitarist in Goodman's band. Peggy said, "David joined Benny's band and there was a ruling that no one should fraternize with the girl singer. But I fell in love with David the first time I heard him play, and so I married him. Benny then fired David, so I quit, too. Benny and I made up, although David didn't play with him anymore. Benny stuck to his rule. I think that's not too bad a rule, but you can't help falling in love with somebody."
When Lee and Barbour left the band, the idea was that he would work in the studios and she would keep house and raise their daughter, Nicki. But she drifted back towards songwriting and occasional recording sessions for the fledgling Capitol Records in 1947, for whom she produced a long string of hits, many of them with lyrics and music by Lee and Barbour, including "I Don't Know Enough About You" and "It's a Good Day" (1948). With the release of the smash-hit #1-selling record of 1947, "Mañana," her "retirement" was over.

In 1948, she joined Perry Como and Jo Stafford as one of the rotating hosts of the NBC Radio musical program Chesterfield Supper Club. She was also a regular on NBC's Jimmy Durante Show during the 1938-48 season.

She left Capitol for a few years in the early 1940s, but returned in 1943. She is most famous for her cover version of the Little Willie John hit "Fever", to which she added her own, uncopyrighted lyrics ("Romeo loved Juliet," "Captain Smith and Pocahontas") and her rendition of Leiber and Stoller's "Is That All There Is?" Her relationship with the Capitol label spanned almost three decades, aside from her brief but artistically rich detour (1952-1956) at Decca Records, where she recorded one of her most acclaimed albums Black Coffee (1956). While recording for Decca, Lee had hit singles with the songs "Lover" and "Mr. Wonderful."

She first came to prominence in the 1940s with her #1 hits Somebody Is Taking Your Place and Mañana, having a string of successful albums and top 10 hits in three consecutive decades. However, Peggy Lee is today internationally recognized for her signature song "Fever." Lee was also an accomplished actress, starring in the hit movies The Jazz Singer, Disney's Lady and the Tramp and Pete Kelly's Blues, for which she received the Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress. Peggy Lee is also widely regarded as one of the most influential jazz vocalists of all time, being cited as a mentor to diverse artists such as; Judy Garland, Frank Sinatra, Paul McCartney, Bette Midler, Madonna and Dusty Springfield.

In her 60-year-long career, Peggy was the recipient of three Grammy Awards, including the Lifetime Achievement Award, an Academy Award nomination, The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) Award; the Presidents Award, the Ella Award for Lifetime Achievement and the Living Legacy Award, from the Women's International Center. In 1999 Peggy Lee was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[2]

Songwriting

She was also known as a songwriter with such hits as the songs from the Disney movie Lady and the Tramp, for which she also supplied the singing and speaking voices of four characters.[3] Her many songwriting collaborators, in addition to Barbour, included Laurindo Almeida, Harold Arlen, Sonny Burke, Cy Coleman, Gene DiNovi, Duke Ellington, Dave Grusin, Dick Hazard, Quincy Jones, Francis Lai, Jack Marshall, Johnny Mandel, Marian McPartland, Willard Robison, Lalo Schifrin, Hubie Wheeler, guitarist Johnny Pisano and Victor Young.

She wrote the lyrics for "I Don't Know Enough About You," "It's A Good Day," composed by Dave Barbour, "I'm Gonna Go Fishin,'" composed with Duke Ellington, "The Heart Is A Lonely Hunter," the no.1 hit "Manana (Is Soon Enough For Me)," "Bless You (For The Good That's In You)" with Mel Torme, "What More Can a Woman Do?," "Don't Be Mean to Baby," "New York City Ghost" with Victor Young, "You Was Right, Baby," "Just an Old Love of Mine," "Everything's Movin' Too Fast," "The Shining Sea," "He's A Tramp," "The Siamese Cat Song," "There Will Be Another Spring," "Johnny Guitar" with Victor Young, "Sans Souci" with Sonny Burke, "So What's New?," "Don't Smoke in Bed," "I Love Being Here With You," "Happy With the Blues" with Harold Arlen, "Where Can I Go Without You?," "Things Are Swingin,'" "Then Was Then" with Cy Coleman, and many others. The first song that Peggy Lee composed was "Little Fool," published in 1941. "What More Can a Woman Do?" was recorded by Sarah Vaughan with Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker. "Manana (Is Soon Enough For Me)" was no.1 for 9 weeks on the Billboard singles chart in 1948, from the week of March 13 to May 8. She also added some lyrics ("Romeo loved Juliet," "Captain Smith and Pocahontas") to her signature song, "Fever."

During a time when youths began turning to rock'n'roll, she was one of the mainstays of Capitol recordings. She was the first of the "old guard" to recognize this new genre, as is evident in her recordings of the Beatles, Randy Newman, Carole King, James Taylor and other up-and-coming songwriters. From 1957 until her final disc for the company in 1972, she routinely produced a steady stream of two or three albums per year which usually included standards (often arranged in a style quite different from the original), her own compositions, and material from young artists.

Deathday: Peggy Lee  1920-2002 RIP
Acting career

Lee also acted in several films. In 1952, she played opposite Danny Thomas in a remake of the early Al Jolson film, The Jazz Singer. In 1955, she played a despondent, alcoholic blues singer in Pete Kelly's Blues (1955), for which she was nominated for an Oscar. In 1955, she did the speaking and singing voices for multiple characters in Disney's Lady and the Tramp movie. Specifically, she played the human Darling (in the very beginning), the dog Peg, and the two Siamese cats Si and Am.[3] In 1957, Lee guest starred on the short-lived ABC variety program, The Guy Mitchell Show.

In the early 1990s, she retained famed entertainment attorney Neil Papiano, who, on her behalf, successfully sued Disney for royalties on Lady and the Tramp. Lee's lawsuit claimed that she was due royalties for video tapes, a technology that did not exist when she agreed to write and perform for Disney.

Never afraid to fight for what she believed in, Lee passionately insisted that musicians be equitably compensated for their work. Although she realized litigation had taken a toll on her health, Lee often quoted Ralph Waldo Emerson on the topic: "God's will will not be made manifest by cowards."

She also successfully sued MCA/Decca with the assistance of noted entertainment attorney, Cy Godfrey.

Personal life

Lee was married four times; each marriage ended in divorce:

1) Musician Dave Barbour (1943-1951); daughter Nicki Lee Foster (born 1943)
2) Actor Brad Dexter (1953)
3) Actor Dewey Martin (1956-1958)
4) Actor Jack Del Rio (1964-1965)


Deathday: Peggy Lee  1920-2002 RIP
Retirement and death

She continued to perform into the 1990s, sometimes in a wheelchair, and still mesmerized audiences and critics alike.[4][5] After years of poor health, Lee died of complications from diabetes and a heart attack at the age of 81. She is survived by Nicki Lee Foster, her daughter with Barbour. She is interred at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles' Westwood neighborhood. On her marker in a garden setting is inscribed, "Music is my life's breath."

Deathday: Peggy Lee  1920-2002 RIP


Legacy

Academy Awards memoriam omission

She was not featured in Memoriam Tribute during the Academy Awards ceremony. When her family requested she be featured in the following year's ceremony, the Academy stated they did not honor requests and Lee was omitted because her contribution to film and her legacy were not deemed significant enough. The Lee family pointed out that, although she had been omitted, R&B singer/actress Aaliyah, who died a few months earlier, was included though having been in only one moderately successful film, Romeo Must Die (Queen of the Damned had yet to be released). The Academy provided no comment on the oversight.

Awards

Lee was nominated for 12 Grammy Awards, winning Best Contemporary Vocal Performance for her 1969 hit "Is That All There Is?" In 1995 she was given the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

Lee is a recipient of the state of North Dakota's Roughrider Award; the Pied Piper Award from The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP); the Presidents Award, from the Songwriters Guild of America; the Ella Award for Lifetime Achievement, from the Society of Singers; and the Living Legacy Award, from the Women's International Center. In 1999 she was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.

Carnegie Hall tribute

In 2003, "There'll Be Another Spring: A Tribute to Miss Peggy Lee" was held at Carnegie Hall. Produced by recording artist Richard Barone, the sold-out event included performances by Cy Coleman, Debbie Harry, Nancy Sinatra, Rita Moreno, Marian McPartland, Chris Connor, Petula Clark and many others. In 2004, Barone brought the event to the Hollywood Bowl and Chicago's Ravinia Festival, with expanded casts including Maureen McGovern and Bea Arthur. The Carnegie Hall concert was broadcast as on NPR's "Jazz Set."

Bibliography

Autobiography

Peggy Lee, Miss Peggy Lee: An Autobiography, 2002, Bloomsbury (UK), ISBN 0-7475-5907-4

Biography

Peter Richmond, Fever: The Life and Music of Miss Peggy Lee, 2006, Henry Holt and Company, ISBN 0-8050-7383-3
Robert Strom, Miss Peggy Lee: A Career Chronicle, 2005, McFarland Publishing, ISBN 0-7864-1936-9


Album liner notes

Will Friedwald, Album liner notes The Best of Peggy Lee, The Capitol Years

Discography

Capitol Records

1948 Rendezvous with Peggy Lee (set of 78s: 6 songs)
1952 Rendezvous with Peggy Lee (10-inch LP: 8 songs; 12-inch LP: 12 songs)


Decca Records

1953 Black Coffee (10-inch version)
1954 Songs in an Intimate Style
1954 Selections from Irving Berlin's 'White Christmas' (w/ Bing Crosby and Danny Kaye)
1955 Songs from Pete Kelly's Blues' (w/ Ella Fitzgerald)
1956 Black Coffee (12-inch version)
1957 Dream Street
1957 Songs from Walt Disney's "Lady and the Tramp"
1958 Sea Shells (recorded 1955)
1959 Miss Wonderful (recorded 1956)


Capitol Records

1957 The Man I Love
1959 Jump for Joy
1959 Things Are Swingin'
1959 I Like Men!
1959 Beauty and the Beat!
1960 Latin ala Lee!
1960 All Aglow Again!
1960 Pretty Eyes
1960 Christmas Carousel
1960 Olé ala Lee
1961 Basin Street East Proudly Presents Miss Peggy Lee
1961 If You Go
1962 Blues Cross Country
1962 Bewitching-Lee
1962 Sugar 'N' Spice
1963 Mink Jazz
1963 I'm a Woman
1964 In Love Again!
1964 In the Name of Love
1965 Pass Me By
1965 Then Was Then - Now Is Now!
1966 Guitars A là Lee
1966 Big $pender
1967 Extra Special!
1967 Somethin' Groovy!
1968 2 Shows Nightly
1969 A Natural Woman
1969 Is That All There Is?
1970 Bridge Over Troubled Water
1970 Make It With You
1971 Where Did They Go
1972 Norma Deloris Egstrom from Jamestown, North Dakota


Post-Capitol albums

1974 Let's Love
1975 Mirrors
1977 Live in London
1977 Peggy
1979 Close Enough for Love
1988 Miss Peggy Lee Sings the Blues
1990 The Peggy Lee Songbook: There'll Be Another Spring
1993 Love Held Lightly: Rare Songs by Harold Arlen (rec. 1988)
1993 Moments Like This


Chart singles

1941 "I Got It Bad and That Ain't Good" 25 —
"Winter Weather" (w/ Art Lund) 24 —
"Blues in the Night" 20 —
"Somebody Else is Taking My Place" 1 —
"My Little Cousin" 14 —
"We'll Meet Again" 16 —
"Full Moon" 22 —
"The Way You Look Tonight" 21 —
1943 "Why Don't You Do Right" 4 —
1945 "Waitin' for the Train to Come in" 4 —
1946 "I'm Glad I Waited for You" 24 —
"I Don't Know Enough About You" 7 —
"Linger in My Arms a Little Longer, Baby" 16 —
"It's All Over Now" 10 —
1947 "It's a Good Day" 16 —
"Everything's Moving too Fast" 21 —
"Chi-baba, Chi-baba (My Bambino, Go to Sleep)" 10 —
"Golden Earrings" 2 —
1948 "Manana" 1 —
"All Dressed up with a Broken Heart" 21 —
"For Every Man, There's a Woman" 25 —
"Laroo, Laroo, Lili Bolero" 13 —
"Talking to Myself About You" 23 —
"Don't Smoke in Bed" 22 —
"Caramba! It's the Samba" 13 —
"Baby, Don't Be Mad at Me" 21 —
"Somebody Else is Taking My Place" (re-issue) 30 —
"Bubble Loo, Bubble Loo" 23 —
1949 "Blum Blum, I Wonder Who I Am" 27 —
"Similau (See-Me-Lo)" 17 —
"Bali Ha'i" 13 —
"Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)" 2 —
1950 "The Old Master Painter" (w/ Mel Torme) 9 —
"Show Me the Way to Get out of This World" 28 —
1951 "(When I Dance with You) I Get Ideas" 14 —
1952 "Be Anything (But Be Mine)" 21 —
"Lover" 3 —
"Watermelon Weather" (w/ Bing Crosby) 28 —
"Just One of Those Things" 14 —
"River, River" 23 —
1953 "Who's Gonna Pay the Check" 22 —
"Baubles, Bangles, and Beads" 30 —
1954 "Where can I go Without You" 28 —
"Let Me Go, Lover" 26 —
1956 "Mr. Wonderful" 14 —
"Joey, Joey, Joey" 76 —
1958 "Fever" 8 —
"Light of Love" 63 —
"Sweetheart" 98 —
1959 "Alright, Okay, You Win" 68 —
"My Man" 81 —
"Hallelujah, I Love Him So" 77 —
1963 "I'm a Woman" 54 —
1965 "Pass Me By" 93 20
"Free Spirits" — 29
1966 "Big Spender" — 9
"That Man" — 31
"You've Got Possibilities" — 36
"So, What's New" — 20
"Walking Happy" — 14
1967 "I Feel it" — 8
1969 "Spinning Wheel" — 24
"Is That All There is" 11 1
"Whistle for Happiness" — 13
1970 "Love Story" 105 26
"You'll Remember Me" — 16
"One More Ride on the Merry-Go-Round" — 21
1972 "Love Song" — 34
1974 "Let's Love" — 22


Filmography

The Powers Girl (1943)
Stage Door Canteen (1943)
Banquet of Melody (1946) (short subject)
Jasper in a Jam (1946) (short subject) (voice)
Midnight Serenade (1947) (short subject)
Peggy Lee and the Dave Barbour Quartet (1950) (short subject)
Mr. Music (1950)
The Jazz Singer (1952)
Lady and the Tramp (1955) (voice)
Pete Kelly's Blues (1955)
Celebrity Art (1973) (short subject)
Mystery guest on What's My Line? (02/28/1960)


References

1.^ Peggy Lee official site: Current Biography
2.^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio3/jazz/profiles/peggy_lee.shtml
3.^ "Lady and the Tramp - 50th Anniversary Edition". PeggyLee.com. 28 Feb 2006.

4.^ http://www.nytimes.com/1992/08/07/news/sounds-around-town-615692.html
5.^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0498007/bio
6.^ Peggy Lee chart hits - Peggy Lee.com


Deathday: Peggy Lee  1920-2002 RIP

IS THAT ALL THERE IS?
Peggy Lee
SPOKEN:
I remember when I was a very little girl, our house caught on fire.
I'll never forget the look on my father's face as he gathered me up
in his arms and raced through the burning building out to the pavement.
I stood there shivering in my pajamas and watched the whole world go up in flames.
And when it was all over I said to myself, "Is that all there is to a fire"

SUNG:
Is that all there is, is that all there is
If that's all there is my friends, then let's keep dancing
Let's break out the booze and have a ball
If that's all there is

SPOKEN:
And when I was 12 years old, my father took me to a circus, the greatest show on earth.
There were clowns and elephants and dancing bears.
And a beautiful lady in pink tights flew high above our heads.
And so I sat there watching the marvelous spectacle.
I had the feeling that something was missing.
I don't know what, but when it was over,
I said to myself, "is that all there is to a circus?

SUNG:
Is that all there is, is that all there is
If that's all there is my friends, then let's keep dancing
Let's break out the booze and have a ball
If that's all there is

SPOKEN:
Then I fell in love, head over heels in love, with the most wonderful boy in the world.
We would take long walks by the river or just sit for hours gazing into each other's eyes.
We were so very much in love.
Then one day he went away and I thought I'd die, but I didn't,
and when I didn't I said to myself, "is that all there is to love?"

SUNG:
Is that all there is, is that all there is
If that's all there is my friends, then let's keep dancing

SPOKEN:
I know what you must be saying to yourselves,
if that's the way she feels about it why doesn't she just end it all?
Oh, no, not me. I'm in no hurry for that final disappointment,
for I know just as well as I'm standing here talking to you,
when that final moment comes and I'm breathing my lst breath, I'll be saying to myself

SUNG:
Is that all there is, is that all there is
If that's all there is my friends, then let's keep dancing
Let's break out the booze and have a ball
If that's all there is

No comments:

Post a Comment