Monday, October 20, 2014

"Father Knows Best" Actress Jane Wyatt 2006 SF Mission Cemetery


Jane Wyatt (August 12, 1910 – October 20, 2006) was an American actress perhaps best known for her role as the housewife and mother on the television comedy Father Knows Best, and as Amanda Grayson, the human mother of Spock on the science fiction television series Star Trek. Wyatt was a three-time Emmy Award-winner.


Early life

Jane Wyatt was born on August 12, 1910 in Campgaw (now part of Mahwah, New Jersey), but was raised in New York City. Her father, Christopher Billopp Wyatt, Jr., was a Wall Street investment banker, and her mother, the former Euphemia Van Rensselaer Waddington, was a drama critic for the Catholic World. Both of her parents were Roman Catholic converts.

One of her ancestors, Rufus King, was a signer of the U.S. Constitution, a U.S. Senator and ambassador, and the Federalist candidate in the 1816 United States presidential election. She was also a descendant of British Royal Navy captain Christopher Billopp.Through her connection with Captain Billopp she is also related to James Willis. She was a distant cousin of Eleanor Roosevelt and the poet Harry Crosby, through their shared descent from Philip Livingston, also a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

While in New York City, Wyatt attended the Chapin School and later attended two years of Barnard College. After leaving Barnard, she joined the apprentice school of the Berkshire Playhouse at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where for six months she played a varied assortment of roles.


Stage and film

One of her first jobs on Broadway was as understudy to Rose Hobart in a production of Trade Winds–a career move that cost her her listing in the New York Social Register (she later was relisted upon her marriage). Receiving favorable notices on Broadway and celebrated for her understated beauty, Wyatt made the transition from stage to screen and was placed under contract by Universal Pictures.


She made her film debut in 1934's One More River.[2] In arguably her most famous role, she co-starred as Ronald Colman's character's love interest in Frank Capra's Columbia Pictures film Lost Horizon (1937). Of her experience in Lost Horizon, she noted in an article in the St. Anthony Messenger newsletter, "During the war, they cut out all the pacifist parts of the film—the High Lama talking about peace in the world. All that was cut because they were trying to inspire those G.I.'s to get out there and go 'bang! bang! bang!' which sort of ruined the film." Other film appearances included Gentleman's Agreement with Gregory Peck, None but the Lonely Heart with Cary Grant, Boomerang with Dana Andrews, and Our Very Own.


Her film career suffered because of her outspoken opposition to Senator Joseph McCarthy, the chief figure in the anti-Communist investigations of that era. Her career was temporarily damaged for having assisted in hosting a performance by the Bolshoi Ballet during the Second World War, even though it was at President Roosevelt's request. As a result, she returned to her roots on the New York stage for a time and appeared in such plays as Lillian Hellman's The Autumn Garden opposite Fredric March.


Television

For many people, Wyatt is best remembered as Margaret Anderson in the television comedy Father Knows Best from 1954 to 1960. She played opposite Robert Young as the devoted wife and mother of the Anderson family in the Midwestern town of Springfield. This role won Wyatt three Emmy Awards for best actress in a comedy series. Billy Gray, Elinor Donahue, and Lauren Chapin played the Anderson children.

Wyatt also played Amanda Grayson, Spock's mother, in the 1967 episode "Journey to Babel" of the original Star Trek series and the 1986 film Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home.[3] Wyatt was once quoted as saying her fan mail for these two roles exceeded that of Lost Horizon.

Late in her career, she played Katherine Auschlander, the wife of hospital administrator Dr. Daniel Auschlander (Norman Lloyd), on the 1980s medical drama St. Elsewhere. She also appeared as Anna, mother of the Virgin Mary, in the 1978 television film The Nativity.




Personal life

Though one of her early suitors was John D. Rockefeller III, Wyatt was married to investment broker Edgar Bethune Ward from November 9, 1935, until his death on November 8, 2000, just one day short of the couple's 65th wedding anniversary. The couple met in the late 1920s when both were weekend houseguests of Franklin D. Roosevelt, at Hyde Park.

She suffered a mild stroke in the 1990s, but recovered well. She remained in relatively good health for the rest of her life.


Death

Jane Wyatt died on October 20, 2006 of natural causes at her home in Bel-Air, California. She was 96 years old. She is buried in San Fernando Mission Cemetery, next to her husband. Wyatt is survived by her sons Christopher and Michael Ward (according to an obituary in The Washington Post, a third son died in infancy in the early 1940s), three grandchildren and five great grandchildren.



References

1.^ http://webcenters.netscape.compuserve.com/celebrity/weekinent.jsp?gal=went_weekof103006&current=went_wyattdies_1023

2.^ "Jane Wyatt: About This Interview". Archive of American Television. Retrieved February 10, 2012.

3.^ "Star trek: The original series 2.05b - Journey to Babel". Cinematic Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2006-10-26.

Sunday, October 19, 2014

"Happy Days" Actor Tom Bosley 2010 Forest Lawn Hollywood Hills


Thomas Edward "Tom" Bosley (October 1, 1927 – October 19, 2010) was an American actor. Bosley is best known for portraying Howard Cunningham on the long-running ABC sitcom Happy Days, and the titular character on the NBC/ABC series Father Dowling Mysteries. He also was featured in a recurring role on Murder, She Wrote. He originated the title role of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Broadway musical Fiorello!, earning the 1960 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical.


Early life

Bosley was born in Chicago, the son of Dora (née Heyman) and Benjamin Bosley.[1] Although well known for playing a Catholic priest—and numerous Protestants—Bosley was actually Jewish.[2] During World War II, Bosley served in the United States Navy. While attending DePaul University, in Chicago, in 1947, he made his stage debut in Our Town with the Canterbury Players at the Fine Arts Theatre. Bosley performed at the Woodstock Opera House in Woodstock, Illinois, in 1949 and 1950 alongside Paul Newman.


Career

Early roles and stage roles

Bosley played the Knave of Hearts in a Hallmark Hall of Fame telecast of Eva Le Gallienne's production of Alice in Wonderland in 1955. But his breakthrough stage role was New York mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia in the long-running Broadway musical Fiorello! (1959), for which he won a Tony Award.[3] In 1994, he originated the role of Maurice in the Broadway version of Disney's Beauty and the Beast. Bosley also toured as Cap'n Andy in Harold Prince's 1994 revival of Show Boat.[4]

His first motion picture role was in 1963, as the would-be suitor of Natalie Wood in Love with the Proper Stranger. Other films include The World of Henry Orient, Divorce American Style, Yours, Mine and Ours, Gus and the made-for-television The Triangle Factory Fire Scandal. Bosley shared a heartfelt story about his experience with the Holocaust in the documentary film Paper Clips.

Among his early television appearances was in 1960 on the CBS summer replacement series, Diagnosis: Unknown, with Patrick O'Neal. In 1962, he portrayed Assistant District Attorney Ryan in the episode "The Man Who Wanted to Die" on James Whitmore's ABC legal drama The Law and Mr. Jones. In 1969, he appeared in a comical episode of The Virginian.


Happy Days and other notable film and television roles

Bosley's best known role was the character Howard Cunningham, Richie and Joanie Cunningham's father, in the long-running sitcom Happy Days. Bosley was also known for portraying Sheriff Amos Tupper on Murder, She Wrote. He also portrayed the eponymous Father Frank Dowling on the TV mystery series, Father Dowling Mysteries. Among myriad television appearances, one notable early performance was in the "Eyes" segment of the 1969 pilot episode of Rod Serling's Night Gallery, directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Joan Crawford.

Bosley also starred in the 2008 Hallmark Channel television movie Charlie and Me. In 2010, he appeared in The Backup Plan starring Jennifer Lopez, which was his final film.

In 1984, Bosley guest-hosted the "Macy's Fourth of July Fireworks Spectacular" with local newscaster Pat Harper.[5]

Voice-over roles

Also a voice actor, Bosley hosted The General Mills Radio Adventure Theater, a 1977 radio drama series for children. He voiced many cartoon characters, including Harry Boyle in the animated series Wait Till Your Father Gets Home. He provided the voice of the title character in the 1980s cartoon The World of David the Gnome and the shop owner Mr. Winkle in the children's Christmas special The Tangerine Bear. He also narrated the movie documentary series That's Hollywood. Additionally, he played the narrator B.A.H. Humbug in the Rankin/Bass animated Christmas special The Stingiest Man In Town. Bosley was also the voice of Mister Geppetto, Pinocchio's 'dad' in Filmation's Pinocchio and the Emperor of the Night, released in 1987.

Commercials

During the 1970s and 1980s, Bosley did several commercials for the Glad Sandwich and Garbage Bags.

Tom Bosley did radio commercials for the new Saturn Car Company a "different kind of car company," in 1990.

Later in life he was the television spokesman for SMC (Specialty Merchandise Corporation), a national wholesaler and dropshipper.[6][7]

Bosley was also the “face“ of LifeBack USA helping bring the benefits of Life Settlements to seniors, having himself sold an unwanted life insurance policy during his later life.



Role in popular culture

In a 1993 episode of The Simpsons, Homer claims to have been the son of Tom Bosley.

Homer and Marge are going to their high school reunion:

Homer: It'll be great to see the old gang again. Potsie, Ralph Malph, the Fonz.
Marge: That wasn't you, that was "Happy Days"!
Homer: No, they weren't all happy days. Like the time Pinky Tuscadero crashed her motorcycle, or the night I lost all my money to those card sharks and my dad Tom Bosley had to get it back.


Death

Bosley died of heart failure on October 19, 2010, at a hospital in Rancho Mirage, California, near his home in Palm Springs, California.[8] He was 83 years old. His agent, Sheryl Abrams, said Bosley had been battling lung cancer.[8] His remains are interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in the Hollywood Hills.




Happy Days lawsuit

On April 19, 2011, Bosley's estate and four of his Happy Days co-stars, Erin Moran, Don Most, Marion Ross and Anson Williams, filed a $10 million breach-of-contract lawsuit against CBS, which owns the show, claiming they had not been paid for merchandising revenues owed under their contracts. The cast members claimed they had not received revenues from show-related items, including comic books, t-shirts, scrapbooks, trading cards, games, lunch boxes, dolls, toy cars, magnets, greeting cards and DVDs where their images appear on the box covers. Under their contracts, they were supposed to be paid five percent from the net proceeds of merchandising if their sole image were used, and half that amount if they were in a group. CBS said it owed the actors $8,500 and $9,000 each, most of it from slot machine revenues, but the group said they were owed millions.[9] The lawsuit was initiated after Ross was informed by a friend playing slots at a casino of a "Happy Days" machine on which players win the jackpot when five Marion Rosses are rolled.

In October 2011, a judge rejected the group's fraud claim, which meant they could not receive millions of dollars in potential damages.[10] On June 5, 2012, a judge denied a motion filed by CBS to have the case thrown out, which meant it would go to trial on July 17 if the matter was not settled by then.[11] In July 2012, the actors settled their lawsuit with CBS. Each received a payment of $65,000 and a promise by CBS to continue honoring the terms of their contracts. [12][13]





References

1.^ "Happy Days Actor Tom Bosley Dies". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2010-10-19.

2.^ "Tom Bosley: A 'Golden Pond' of Memories". The Philadelphia Jewish Exponent. 2006-10-26. Retrieved 2006-12-13.

3.^ The Broadway League. "Fiorello! | IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information". IBDB. Retrieved 2010-08-31.

4.^ Tony-Winning Actor Tom Bosley, Best Known for Happy Days, Dies at 83 — broadway.com

5.^ WPIX-TV coverage of "The M*A*C*Y*S 4th of July Fireworks Spectacular," 4 July 1984.

6.^ "SMC". Smcorp.com. Retrieved 2012-08-13.

7.^ Tom Bosley at the Internet Movie Database

8.^ "Tom Bosley, Father on 'Happy Days,' Dies at 83", Associated Press via The New York Times, October 19, 2010.

9.^ Zamost, Scott (April 20, 2011). "'Happy Days' actors claim fraud, money owed for merchandising". CNNMoney.

10.^ Gardner, Eriq (June 5, 2012). "'Happy Days' Actors Win Key Ruling in CBS Lawsuit". The Hollywood Reporter.

11.^ Scott, Zamost (June 5, 2012). "'Happy Days' cast members' lawsuit heading for trial". CNN.

12.^ Daley, Sean (August 6, 2012). "Chachi done with broke Joanie". New York Post.

13.^ Zamost, Scott (July 7, 2012). "'Happy Days' actors settle lawsuit with CBS". CNN.

Fashion Critic Mr. Blackwell 2008 Hollywood Forever Cemetery


Richard Blackwell (August 29, 1922 – October 19, 2008) was an American fashion critic, journalist, television and radio personality, artist, former child actor and former fashion designer, sometimes known just as Mr. Blackwell. He was the creator of the "Ten Worst Dressed Women List", an annual awards presentation he unveiled in January of each year. He published the "Fabulous Fashion Independents" list and an annual Academy Awards fashion review, both of which receive somewhat less media attention. His longtime companion, former Beverly Hills hairdresser, Robert Spencer, managed him. He wrote two books, Mr. Blackwell: 30 Years of Fashion Fiascos and an autobiography, From Rags to Bitches.

Blackwell lived in the Hancock Park enclave of Los Angeles with his partner of 60 years, Robert Spencer. In 1964, they rented their home to The Beatles for the English band’s first visit to the city. It was leaked to the media, however, and the group made other arrangements. He was also an artist known for his avant-garde and he published several editions of his work, including his "Mother America" series.


In 2001, Blackwell was diagnosed with Bell's palsy which causes limited to severe paralysis of facial muscles and can affect eyesight as well. Although treatable, Bell's palsy is incurable; however, it often clears up on its own. Blackwell was unable to unveil the 2000 list at a live news conference for the first time in its 40-year history and remained out of the public eye for six months. He came back for the 2001 “Worst Dressed” and returned to a full, normal social life.

Blackwell died in Los Angeles on October 19, 2008 of complications from an intestinal infection. He is buried at Hollywood Forever Cemetery.


Saturday, October 18, 2014

Actress ELIZABETH PENA 1959-2014 RIP

Elizabeth Peña (September 23, 1959 – October 14, 2014) was an American actress and director. Born in 1959 in Elizabeth, New Jersey, Peña spent her early years in Cuba. Her father, Mario Peña, was a Cuban actor, writer, and director who co-founded the Latin American Theatre Ensemble; her mother, Estella Margarita (Toirac) Peña, was an arts administrator and producer. They moved to New York City when Elizabeth was eight. She graduated from New York's High School of Performing Arts in 1977, her classmates including Ving Rhames and Esai Morales, whom she would later star with. She was a founding member of the Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors.



In 1979, Peña appeared in her first film, El Super, described as a "moving and melancholy comedy about a family of lower-middle-class Cuban refugees attempting to adjust to life in Spanish Harlem." She worked once again with director Leon Ichaso in his next feature, Crossover Dreams. She has appeared in films such as La Bamba, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Jacob's Ladder, Lone Star, *batteries not included, Vibes and Rush Hour. In 2002, she starred in Showtime's Resurrection Blvd. as Tia Bibi Corrades in the episode "Justicia," which she also directed. In 2003, she appeared in and directed "It Was Fun While It Lasted," an episode of The Brothers Garcia.



Peña provided the voice of the character Mirage in Pixar's animated film The Incredibles. She guest starred in the 18th episode of season 2 of Numb3rs as Sonya Benavides, and in season 4 of Modern Family as Pilar, the Colombian mother of Gloria Pritchett. Although she spoke Spanish, she did not dub her own voice for Spanish releases. Peña was also noted for having starred in I Married Dora, a sitcom in 1987, as Dora Calderon, the title character. Writer-director John Sayles produced the critically acclaimed but short-lived television series Shannon's Deal (1989–1991), co-starring Peña. In 1996, Sayles wrote and directed the mystery film Lone Star and again cast her in a co-starring role.



Peña's first marriage, to William Kibler, ended in divorce in the early 1990s. She then married a carpenter, Hans Rolla, in 1994. They have two children together.



Peña died after a brief illness at the age of 55 on October 14, 2014, at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California. Film reviewer Mario-Francisco Robles, Peña's nephew, confirmed her death in an article in Latino-Review the following day. The nature of her illness has not yet been disclosed.




Singer & Actress Julie London 2000 Forest Lawn Hollywood Hills


Julie London (September 26, 1926 – October 18, 2000) was an American singer and actress. She was best known for her smoky, sensual voice. London was at her singing career's peak in the 1950s. Her acting career lasted more than 35 years. It concluded with the female lead role of nurse Dixie McCall on the television series Emergency! (1972–1979), co-starring her best friend Robert Fuller and her real-life husband Bobby Troup, and produced by her ex-husband Jack Webb.


Early life

Born Gayle Peck in Santa Rosa, California, she was the daughter of Jack and Josephine Peck, who were a vaudeville song-and-dance team. When she was 14, the family moved to Los Angeles. Shortly after that, she began appearing in movies. She graduated from the Hollywood Professional School in 1945.


Marriages

In July 1947 she married actor Jack Webb (of Dragnet fame). This unlikely pairing arose from their mutual love for jazz.[1] They had two daughters: Stacy and Lisa Webb. London and Webb divorced in November 1954. Daughter Stacy Webb was killed in a traffic accident in 1996.

In 1954 having become somewhat reclusive after her divorce from Webb, she met jazz composer and musician Bobby Troup at a club on La Brea Avenue in Los Angeles.[2] They married on December 31, 1959, and remained married until his death in February 1999. They had one daughter, Kelly Troup, who died in March 2002, and twin sons, Jody and Reese Troup (b. May 28, 1963). Jody died June 10, 2010, just 13 days after his 47th birthday.[3][4] His cremated remains are interred with those of his parents in Courts of Remembrance, Columbarium of Providence, at Forest Lawn - Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.




Death

London suffered a stroke in 1995 and was in poor health until her death on October 18, 2000 (the day her husband, Bobby Troup, would have been 82), in Encino, California, at age 74. Survived by three of her five children, London was interred next to Troup in the Courts of Remembrance, Columbarium of Providence, at Forest Lawn Hollywood Hills Cemetery, Los Angeles. Her star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard in Los Angeles.



Career

Singing

London began singing under the name Gayle Peck in public in her teens before appearing in a film. She was discovered by talent agent, Sue Carol (wife of actor Alan Ladd), while working as an elevator operator. Her early film career, however, did not include any singing roles.

London recorded 32 albums in a career that began in 1955 with a live performance at the 881 Club in Los Angeles.[5] Billboard named her the most popular female vocalist for 1955, 1956, and 1957. She was the subject of a 1957 Life cover article in which she was quoted as saying, "It's only a thimbleful of a voice, and I have to use it close to the microphone. But it is a kind of oversmoked voice, and it automatically sounds intimate.[6]


London's debut recordings were for the Bethlehem Records label. While shopping for a record deal, she recorded four tracks that would later be included on the compilation album, Bethlehem's Girlfriends, in 1955. Bobby Troup backed London on the dates, and London recorded the standards, "Don't Worry About Me," "Motherless Child," "A Foggy Day," and "You're Blasé."

London's most famous single, "Cry Me a River," was written by her high-school classmate, Arthur Hamilton, and produced by Troup.[7] The recording became a million-seller after its release in December 1955 and also sold on re-issue in April 1983 from the attention brought by a Mari Wilson cover. London performed the song in the film The Girl Can't Help It (1956), and her recording gained later attention in the films Passion of Mind (2000) and V for Vendetta (2006).


Other popular singles include "Hot Toddy," "Daddy," and "Desafinado." Recordings such as "Go Slow" epitomized her career style: her voice is slow, smoky, and sensual.

The song "Yummy Yummy Yummy" was featured on the HBO television series Six Feet Under and appears on its soundtrack album. Her last recording was "My Funny Valentine" for the soundtrack of the Burt Reynolds film Sharky's Machine (1981).[8]


Film

Though primarily remembered as a singer, London also made more than 20 films. Her widely regarded beauty and poise (she was a pinup girl prized by GIs during World War II) contrasted strongly with her pedestrian appearance and streetwise acting technique (much parodied by impersonators). One of her strongest performances came in Man of the West (1958), starring Gary Cooper and directed by Anthony Mann, in which her character, the film's only woman, is abused and humiliated by an outlaw gang.


Television

She performed on many television variety series and also in dramatic roles, including guest appearances on Rawhide (1960) and The Big Valley (1968). Her ex-husband, Webb, was executive producer for the series Emergency!, and in 1972 he hired both his ex-wife and her husband, Troup, for key roles. London received second-billing as nurse, Dixie McCall, while Troup received third-billing as emergency-room physician, Dr. Joe Early. She and her co-stars, Robert Fuller, Randolph Mantooth, and Kevin Tighe, also appeared in an episode of the Webb-produced series, Adam-12, reprising their roles. London and Troup appeared as panelists on the game show Tattletales several times in the 1970s. In the 1950s London appeared in an advertisement for Marlboro cigarettes singing the "Marlboro Song," and in 1978 appeared in television advertisements for Rose Milk Skin Care Cream. Her song "Love Must Be Catchin' On" appeared in the premiere episode of the ABC series Pan Am on Sunday, September 25, 2011.




References

1.^ Staggs, Sam. (2003) Close-Up on Sunset Boulevard "St. Martin's Press" p. 289. ISBN 0-312-30254-1.

2.^ Powell, D.A. (1998) Tea. "Wesleyan University Press" p. 70. ISBN 0-8195-6334-X.

3.^ "Julie London." Nndb.com. Retrieved 2012-08-05.

4.^ "Julie London Biography." Musicianguide.com. Retrieved 2012-08-05.

5.^ McKnight-Trontz, Jennifer (1999) Exotiquarium: Album Art from the Space Age "St. Martin's Press" p. 77. ISBN 0-312-20133-8.

6.^ "A Small Voice Makes Big Stir" Life, February 18, 1957, p. 74.

7.^ Cason, Buzz (2004) Living the Rock 'N' Roll Dream: The Adventures of Buzz Cason "Hal Leonard." p. 102. ISBN 0-634-06672-2.

8.^ Julie London - Biography

Martin, Douglas (October 19, 2000). "Julie London, Sultry Singer and Actress of 50's, Dies at 74." The New York Times. Retrieved January 5, 2011.

"A small voice to make a big stir: Julie London gets back to movies". Life: pp. 74–78. February 18, 1957. "Julie London." The Times. October 19, 2000. Retrieved 2009-10-25.

Western Detective Charles Siringo 1928 Inglewood Park Cemetery


Charles Angelo Siringo (February 7, 1855—October 18, 1928), was an American lawman, detective, and agent for the Pinkerton National Detective Agency during the late 19th century and early 20th century.


Early life

Siringo was born in Matagorda County, Texas to an Irish immigrant mother and an Italian immigrant father from Piedmont.[1][2] He attended public school until reaching the age of 15, when he started working on local ranches as a cowboy.[3]

In March, April and May 1877, Siringo was in Dodge City, Kansas during an alleged confrontation between Clay Allison and Wyatt Earp, Earp was a Deputy Marshal at the time. Earp later claimed, after Allison's death in 1887, that he and Bat Masterson had forced Allison to back down from an impending confrontation. Siringo, however, later gave a written account of that incident which contradicted Earp's claim, stating that Earp never came into contact with Allison, and that two businessmen, cattleman Dick McNulty and the owner of the Long Branch Saloon, Chalkley Beeson, in Dodge City actually defused the situation.


After taking part in several cattle drives, Siringo stopped herding to settle down, get married (1884), and open a merchant business in Caldwell, Kansas. He began writing a book, entitled A Texas Cowboy; Or Fifteen Years on the Hurricane Deck of a Spanish Pony. A year later, it was published, to wide acclaim, and became one of the first true looks into life as a cowboy written by someone who had actually lived the life.


Pinkerton service

In 1886, bored with the mundane life of a merchant, Siringo moved to Chicago and joined the Pinkerton Detective Agency. He used gunman Pat Garrett's name as a reference to get the job, having met Garrett several years before.

He was immediately assigned several cases, which took him as far north as Alaska, and as far south as Mexico City. He began operating undercover, a relatively new technique at the time, and infiltrated gangs of robbers and rustlers, making over one hundred arrests.[4]

With 2,000 active agents and 30,000 reserves, the forces of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency were larger than the nation’s standing army in the late-19th century. The Pinkertons provided services for management in labor disputes, including armed guards and secret operatives like Charles A. Siringo. A Texas native and former cowboy, Siringo moved to Chicago in 1886, where first-hand observation of the city’s labor conflict (which he attributed to foreign anarchism) moved him to join the Pinkertons.

In the early 1890s he found himself assigned to office work in the Denver office of the agency, work which he greatly despised. During that time, he worked with noted Pinkerton agent, gunman, and later assassin Tom Horn. He greatly admired Horn's talents and skills in tracking down suspects, but reflected later that Horn had a dark side that could easily be accessed when need be.

In 1892, Siringo was assigned to a case in Idaho, where he worked undercover to get information against labor union officials. Despite his despising labor union officials, he later stood against a lynch mob to protect attorney Clarence Darrow from being hanged.

In the late 1890s, posing as "Charles L. Carter," an alleged gunman on the run from the law for a murder, he infiltrated outlaw Butch Cassidy's Train Robbers Syndicate. For over a year, using information he would gather, he severely hampered the operations of Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, but without a large number of arrests. After they committed the now famous train robbery near Wilcox, Wyoming, in which they robbed a Union Pacific train, he again found himself assigned to capture the Wild Bunch.[4] On that case, Siringo often coordinated with Tom Horn, who was by that time working for large cattle companies as a stock detective ("hired gun"), but who also was retained by the Pinkerton Agency on contract to assist in the robbery investigation. Horn was able to obtain vital information from explosives expert Bill Speck that revealed to investigators who the suspects were who had killed Sheriff Josiah Hazen,[5] who had been shot and killed during the pursuit of the robbers.[6]

Several members of the gang were captured as a result of information Siringo gathered, including the capture of Kid Curry, who escaped but was again cornered and killed during a shootout with law enforcement in Colorado. It was Siringo's information that help track him down on both occasions. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid both fled to South America, feeling their luck was running out in United States. They were later allegedly killed by Bolivian police in a shootout there following a mine payroll robbery. During the work on the Wilcox Train Robbery, he first came into contact with lawman Joe Lefors, who later would arrest Tom Horn for a murder that Horn has since been largely vindicated for. Siringo crossed paths with Lefors several years later while working other cases. Siringo found Lefors incompetent, at best, and greatly despised him.

Siringo retired in 1907, and began writing another book, entitled Pinkerton's Cowboy Detective. The Pinkerton Detective Agency held up publication for two years, feeling it violated their confidentiality agreement that Siringo had signed when he was hired and objecting to the use of their name. Siringo gave in, and deleted their name from the book title, instead writing two separate books, entitled A Cowboy Detective and Further Adventures of a Cowboy Detective.[4]


Angry with the agency after it sabotaged the publication of his cowboy memoirs, Siringo published Two Evil Isms: Pinkertonism and Anarchism, a revealing chronicle of Pinkerton methods and deception. Siringo wrote that he had been instructed to commit voter fraud in the re-election campaign of Colorado Governor James Peabody. Siringo stated, "I voted eight times, as per [Pinkerton supervisor] McParland's orders — three times before the same election judges."[7] The election was unique due to fraud by Democrats and Republicans, resulting in Colorado having three different governors seated during the course of one day.

The Pinkerton Agency once again succeeded in suppressing the book. They attempted to have Siringo prosecuted for libel, requesting extradition from his ranch near Santa Fe, New Mexico to Chicago. However, the governor of New Mexico denied the extradition request. Pinkerton operatives bought up all copies available at newsstands and obtained a court order confiscating the book’s plates. In the book, Siringo (who, even when alienated from the Pinkertons, never displayed any sympathy for the labor movement) described among other things, how he infiltrated and undermined miners' unions in northern Idaho during the 1892 Coeur d’Alene strike.


In 1916, Siringo began working as a New Mexico Ranger to assist in the capture of numerous rustlers causing problems in the area, holding that position until 1918. His health began to fail, and his ranch was failing due to his having been away for some time. He moved to Los Angeles, where he became somewhat of a celebrity due to his well publicized exploits. He renewed his relationship with Wyatt Earp during this period.[8] In 1927 he released another book, Riata and Spurs, a composite of his first two autobiographies. The Pinkerton Agency again halted publication, resulting in a whittled down and revised copy being released the following year, with many fictional accounts rather than the true accounts that Siringo had envisioned.


Death

Siringo died in Altadena, California on October 18, 1928. He was buried at Inglewood Park Cemetery, Inglewood California. His activities remain some of the first examples of the use of undercover work in the capture of fugitives.


In popular culture

In Sergio Sollima's Faccia a faccia (1967) (a fictionalized) Siringo is portrayed by William Berger.

Charles Siringo also appears as a character in Leif Enger's So Brave, Young, and Handsome (2008; ISBN 978-0-87113-985-6).

Siringo Road, a major thoroughfare on the south side of the city of Santa Fe, New Mexico, is named for the former detective and writer.

Mike Blakely's original composition and song titled, "Charlie Siringo," was about the life of Charlie Siringo.

Actor Brad Johnson portrayed Siringo in a 1994 made-for-TV fim, "Siringo."

Actor Dennis Farina portrayed Siringo in a 1995 made-for-TV film, Bonanza: Under Attack.

In the Leverage episode "The 10 Li'l Grifters Job," the character Eliot Spencer (played by Christian Kane) dresses up as Siringo for a murder mystery costume party.

Bibliography

Works by

— (1885). A Texas Cowboy: Or, Fifteen Years On The Hurricane Deck of A Spanish Pony. Chicago: M. Umbdenstock and Company. ISBN 0-14-043751-7.

— (1912). A Cowboy Detective: A True Story of Twenty-Two Years With A World-Famous Detective Agency. Chicago: W. B. Conkey Company. ISBN 0-8032-9189-2. Retrieved 2009-07-08.

—; Gifford Pinchot (1912). Riata and Spurs: The Story Of A Lifetime Spent In The Saddle As Cowboy And Ranger. ISBN 1-4179-1067-4.

— (1915). Two Evil Isms, Pinkertonism And Anarchism: By A Cowboy Detective Who Knows, As He Spent Twenty-Two Years In The Inner Circle Of Pinkerton's National Detective Agency. ISBN 1-4297-6551-8.

— (1920). A History of "Billy the Kid". Charles A. Siringo. Retrieved 2009-07-08.

Works about

Lamar, Howard R. (2005). Charlie Siringo's West: An Interpretive Biography. University Of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-8263-3669-8.

Peavy, Charles D. (1967). Charles A. Siringo: A Texas Picaro. Austin, Texas: Steck-Vaughn Company. 2019759

Pingenot, Ben E. (1989). Siringo: The True Story Of Charles A. Siringo, Texas Cowboy, Longhorn Trail Driver, Private Detective, Rancher, New Mexico Ranger and Author. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 0-89096-381-9.

Blum, Howard (2011). The Floor of Heaven: A True Tale of the Last Frontier and the Yukon Gold Rush. Crown Publishers. ISBN 978-0-307-46172-8.

References

1.^ "Charlie Siringo". Retrieved 16 April 2011.

2.^ "Italian American Contributions".

3.^ "Siringo, Charles Angelo". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 2009-07-08.

4.^ Siringo - Thrilling Detective.

5.^ Josiah Hazen - Officer Down Memorial Page

6.^ Wilcox Train Robbery - TomHorn.com

7.^ Martin, MaryJoy, (2004) The Corpse On Boomerang Road: Telluride's War On Labor 1899-1908 Montrose, Colorado: Western Reflections. p.267. ISBN 978-1-932738-02-5

8.^ Dworkin, Mark. "Tombstone History Archives - Charlie Siringo, Letter Writer". Retrieved 16 April 2011.