Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Character Actor Ford Rainey 2005 Westwood Village Cemetery


Ford Rainey (August 8, 1908 – July 25, 2005) was an American film, stage and television actor.[1]



Early life

Rainey was born in Mountain Home, Idaho, the son of Vyrna (née Kinkade), a teacher, and Archie Coleman Rainey.[2] He first acted on the stage while in high school. Rainey graduated from Centralia Junior College in Washington state and the Cornish Drama School in Seattle. He then moved to Connecticut to study acting at the Michael Chekhov Theatre Studio. Growing up in the outdoors and learning to ride horses helped him in his career as a tough-guy film presence later in life. Like many young actors, he worked odd jobs including logger, fisherman, fruit picker, carpenter, clam digger and working on an oil tanker before becoming a successful actor. He worked as a radio actor as well as a touring stage actor before breaking into films. His Broadway debut was in a 1939 Chekhov production of The Possessed that had a run of 14 performances. He served in the U.S. Coast Guard during World War II. After the war he moved to Ojai, California, where he, Woodrow Chambliss and other actors who had studied under Chekhov founded the Ojai Valley Players.



Career

Rainey made his film debut in White Heat in 1949 and became a familiar face in motion pictures, appearing in Perfect Strangers (1950), Two Rode Together (1961), 40 Pounds of Trouble (1962), Johnny Tiger (1966), and The Sand Pebbles (1966). 



His other film credits included The Gypsy Moths (1969), The Naked Zoo (1970), The Traveling Executioner (1970), My Old Man's Place (1971), Sixteen (1973), the horror films Halloween II (1981) and The Cellar (1989), Bed and Breakfast (1992), Inferno (1999). 



He also co-starred in the acclaimed television movie My Sweet Charlie (1970), and appeared in other TV movies such as A Howling in the Woods (1971) and The Stranger Who Looks Like Me (1974).



He guest-starred on many television series, including The Adventures of Kit Carson, Bonanza, The Invaders, The Brothers Brannagan (in the 1961 series finale "The Hunter and the Hunted"), The Tall Man, Stoney Burke, Daniel Boone, Gunsmoke, The Outer Limits, The Wild Wild West, Empire, Dundee and the Culhane, Baa Baa Black Sheep (TV series), How the West was Won (aka The Macahans), The Untouchables, and the 1976 western Sara. The tall austere, authoritative-looking actor was a natural at playing leaders.

Between 1962-65 Rainey made four guest appearances on the CBS courtroom series Perry Mason, beginning with the role of Russell Durham in "The Case of the Unsuitable Uncle." In 1964 he played murder victim Harry Trilling in "The Case of the Ugly Duckling."

In the 1961-62 season he co-starred with Robert Young in the unsuccessful CBS series Window on Main Street, in which he portrayed newspaper editor Lloyd Ramsey. Tim Matheson, then a child actor, had a recurring role in the series, as did Constance Moore.

Rainey portrayed the adoptive father of Lee Majors' Steve Austin (The Six Million Dollar Man), and the foster father of Jaime Sommers (The Bionic Woman). He appeared in the 1987 miniseries Amerika.



Rainey played a general on CBS' M*A*S*H, and a judge on both The Waltons and Matlock. He played presidents on Lost in Space, The Time Tunnel, and on Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea. Later television appearances, in the 1990s and 2000s, include ER and recurring roles on Wiseguy, Ned and Stacey, and The King of Queens. He could also be seen in some commercials in the middle 1970s through the 1980s, such as REACH toothbrushes; a Johnson and Johnson product. During that time he was part of Trinity Square Repertory Company in Providence, Rhode Island.



Personal life

Ford Rainey was a bachelor until the age of 46, when, in 1954, he married Sheila Hayden and settled in New York City, where sons Robert and James were born. The family moved to Malibu, California, where daughter Kathy was born.



Rainey remained in Malibu with his wife while he acted and enjoyed hobbies such as beekeeping and bird breeding until his death on July 25, 2005, of a stroke, at the age of 96. His interment was in Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery

James Rainey is a writer for the Los Angeles Times.[1] Robert, a chiropractor, was the apparent victim of a robbery-murder in his office in Los Angeles. He was found by a patient on May 31, 2012.[3] His murder remains unsolved with a $50,000 reward for solving the case.[4]


Filmography

White Heat (1949) - Zuckie Hommell (uncredited)
Perfect Strangers (1950) - Ernest Craig (uncredited)
The Robe (1953) - Ship's Captain (uncredited)
The Human Jungle (1954) - Jones - Older Cop (uncredited)
3:10 to Yuma (1957) - Bisbee Marshal
The Badlanders (1958) - Warden
The Last Mile (1959) - Red Kirby
John Paul Jones (1959) - Lt. Simpson
Flaming Star (1960) - Doc Phillips
Parrish (1961) - John Donati (uncredited)
Two Rode Together (1961) - Reverend Henry Clegg
Ada (1961) - Speaker
Claudelle Inglish (1961) - Rev. Armstrong
Dead to the World (1961) - Congressman Keach
40 Pounds of Trouble (1962) - Judge
Kings of the Sun (1963) - The Chief
Gunpoint (1966) - Tom Emerson
Johnny Tiger (1966) - Sam Tiger
The Sand Pebbles (1966) - Harris
Chuka (1967) - Captain Robert R. Foster (uncredited)
The Gypsy Moths (1969) - Stand Owner
The Naked Zoo (1970) - Harry Golden
The Traveling Executioner (1970) - Stanley Mae
My Old Man's Place (1971) - Sheriff Coleman
Sixteen (1973) - Pa Irtley
Cotter (1973)
The Parallax View (1974) - Commission Spokesman #2
Guardian of the Wilderness (1976) - Abraham Lincoln
Halloween ΙΙ (1981) - Dr. Frederick Mixter
The Cellar (1989) - T.C. van Houten
Bed and Breakfast (1991) - Amos
The Politics of Desire (1998) - Radio Listener's Husband
Inferno (1999) - Pop Reynolds
Purgatory Flats (2003) - Phil

References

1. Myrna Oliver, "Ford Rainey, 96; Performed Shakespeare, Shepard and Variety of Film, TV Roles," Los Angeles Times, July 26, 2005.
2. Ford Rainey Biography (1908-)
3. Joel Rubin, "Slain L.A. chiropractor 'wanted to believe the best about the world,' Los Angeles Times, June 2, 2012.
4. Schwartz, Gadi (27 November 2013). "New Images Released After Doctor Is Killed at Office." NBC Southern California.

Actor Martin Landau 1928-2017 Memorial Video


Martin Landau (June 20, 1928 – July 15, 2017) was an American actor of stage, television and film, acting coach, executive producer, voice artist, editorial cartoonist and comic strip producer.

His career began in the 1950s, with early film appearances including a supporting role in Alfred Hitchcock's North by Northwest (1959). He played regular roles in the television series Mission: Impossible (for which he received several Emmy Award nominations and a Golden Globe Award) and Space: 1999.

Landau received the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture, as well as his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, for his role in Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) He received his second Oscar nomination for his appearance in Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989). His performance in the supporting role of Bela Lugosi in Ed Wood (1994) earned him an Academy Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award and a Golden Globe Award. He continued to perform in film and television, and headed the Hollywood branch of the Actors Studio until his death in July 2017.

Landau married actress and former co-star Barbara Bain on January 31, 1957, and they divorced in 1993. They had two daughters, Susan and Juliet.

On July 15, 2017, Landau died at the age of 89 at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in Westwood, Los Angeles, California; he had been briefly hospitalized and, according to his representative, died of a heart attack.



Sunday, July 23, 2017

Challenger Astronaut Sally Ride 2012 Woodlawn Cemetery


Sally Kristen Ride (May 26, 1951 – July 23, 2012) was an American physicist and astronaut. Born in Los Angeles, she joined NASA in 1978 and became the first American woman in space in 1983. She remains the youngest American astronaut to have traveled to space, having done so at the age of 32. After flying twice on the Orbiter Challenger, she left NASA in 1987. 




She worked for two years at Stanford University's Center for International Security and Arms Control, then at the University of California, San Diego as a professor of physics, primarily researching nonlinear optics and Thomson scattering. She served on the committees that investigated the Challenger and Columbia space shuttle disasters, the only person to participate on both. 




Personal life

Sally Ride was extremely private about her personal life. In 1982, she married fellow NASA astronaut Steve Hawley. They divorced in 1987.


After Ride's death, her obituary revealed that her partner of 27 years was Tam O'Shaughnessy, a professor emerita of school psychology at San Diego State University and childhood friend, who met her when both were aspiring tennis players. O'Shaughnessy was also a science writer and, later, the co-founder of Sally Ride Science. O'Shaughnessy now serves as the Chief Executive Officer and Chair of the Board of Sally Ride Science. They wrote six acclaimed children's science books together. Their relationship was revealed by the company and confirmed by her sister, who said she chose to keep her personal life private, including her sickness and treatments. She is the first known LGBT astronaut.


Death

Sally Ride died on July 23, 2012, at the age of 61, seventeen months after being diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. Following cremation, her ashes were interred next to her father at Woodlawn Cemetery, Santa Monica, California.




Friday, July 21, 2017

"The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse" Filmmaker Rex Ingram 1950 Forest Lawn Glendale Cemetery


Rex Ingram (January 15, 1893– July 21, 1950) was an Irish film director, producer, writer and actor.[1] Director Erich von Stroheim once called him "the world's greatest director."[2]



Early life

Born Reginald Ingram Montgomery Hitchcock in Dublin, Ireland, he was educated at Saint Columba's College, near Rathfarnham, County Dublin. He spent much of his adolescence living in the Old Rectory, Kinnitty, Birr, County Offaly where his father was the Church of Ireland rector. He emigrated to the United States in 1911.[2] His brother Francis joined the British Army and fought during World War I where he was awarded the Military Cross and rose to the rank of Colonel.



Career

Ingram studied sculpture at the Yale University School of Art, where he contributed to campus humor magazine The Yale Record.[3] He soon moved into film, first taking acting work from 1913 and then writing, producing and directing. His first work as producer-director was in 1916 on the romantic drama The Great Problem. He worked for Edison Studios, Fox Film Corporation, Vitagraph Studios, and then MGM, directing mainly action or supernatural films.[2]



In 1920, he moved to Metro, where he was under supervision of executive June Mathis. Mathis and Ingram would go on to make four films together, Hearts are Trump, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The Conquering Power, and Turn to the Right. 




It is believed the two were romantically involved. Ingram and Mathis had begun to grow distant when her new find, Rudolph Valentino, began to overshadow his own fame. Their relationship ended when Ingram eloped with Alice Terry in 1921.



Ingram married twice, first to actress Doris Pawn in 1917; this ended in divorce in 1920.[2] He then married Alice Terry in 1921, with whom he remained for the rest of his life. Both marriages were childless. He and Terry relocated to the French Riviera in 1923. They formed a small studio in Nice and made several films on location in North Africa, Spain, and Italy for MGM and others.[4]


Amongst those who worked for Ingram at MGM on the Riviera during this period was the young Michael Powell, who later went on to direct (with Emeric Pressburger) The Red Shoes and other classics. By Powell's own account, Ingram was a major influence on him, especially in its themes in illusion, dreaming, magic and the surreal. David Lean said he was indebted to Ingram. MGM studio chief Dore Schary listed the top creative people in Hollywood as D. W. Griffith, Ingram, Cecil B. DeMille and Erich von Stroheim (in declining order of importance).[2]


The Magician (1926) - Jay Stowitts as the Satyr with director Rex Ingram

Carlos Clarens writes: "As Rex Ingram's films became more esoteric, his career declined. The coming of sound forced him to relinquish his studios in Nice. Rather than equip them for talking pictures, he chose instead to travel and pursue a writing career." [5] Rex Ingram made only one talkie, Baroud, filmed for Gaumont British Pictures in Morocco. The film was a not a commercial success and Ingram left the film business, returning to Los Angeles to work as a sculptor and writer. Interested in Islam as early as 1927, he converted to the faith in 1933.[6]

For his contribution to the motion picture industry he has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1651 Vine Street.



Death

Ingram died from a cerebral hemorrhage in North Hollywood on July 21, 1950, aged 58.[1][7] He was interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California.




Legacy

Critic Carlos Clarens wrote of Ingram: "A full-blown Irishman fascinated by the bizarre and the grotesque (he once employed a dwarf as a valet), Ingram was also a writer of some talent. Frequently pedestrian and pretentious, Ingram's films nevertheless contain splendid flashes of macabre fantasy, such as the ride of the Four Horsemen in the Valentino epic, or the 'ghoul visions' that bring about the death of the miser in The Conquering Power. His more or less mystical bent was apparent in Mare Nostrum and The Garden of Allah, which he filmed in the Mediterranean and North Africa, respectively." [8]




Filmography

Ingram's complete filmography as a director:

The Symphony of Souls (1-reel short subject; 1914)
The Great Problem (1916)
Broken Fetters (1916)
The Chalice of Sorrow (1916)
Black Orchids (1917)
The Reward of the Faithless (1917)
The Pulse of Life (1917)
The Flower of Doom (1917)
His Robe of Honour (1917)
Humdrum Brown (1917)
The Day She Paid (1919)
Shore Acres (1920)
Under Crimson Skies (1920)
Hearts are Trumps (1920)
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921)
The Conquering Power (1921)
The Prisoner of Zenda (1922)
Trifling Women (1922)
Turn To The Right (1922)
Scaramouche (1923)
Where the Pavement Ends (1923)




The Arab (1924)




Mare Nostrum (1926)




The Magician (1926)
The Garden of Allah (1927)
The Three Passions (1929)
Baroud (1932)



References

1. "Rex Ingram Dead, Film Director, 58. Screen Leader of Silent Era Credited With Discovery of Rudolph Valentino. Directed 'Four Horsemen' Handled Own Stories Scored Many Successes." New York Times. Associated Press. 23 July 1950. Rex Ingram, film director of the silent era, who was credited with the discovery of Rudolph Valentino, died last night of a cerebral hemorrhage after a brief illness. He was 58 years old.
2. Soares, André. Beyond Paradise: The Life of Ramon Novarro, New York: Macmillan, 2002, p. 27; ISBN 0-312-28231-1
3. Gmur, Leonhard (14 November 2013). Rex Ingram: Hollywood Rebel of the Silver Screen. Germany: epubli GmbH. p. 473.
4. "New British Film Company; Alastair Mackintosh Leads London Firm – Rex Ingram Is Director," New York Times, 8 May 1928.
5. Carlos Clarens.Horror Movies: An Illustrated Survey. London: Secker and Warburg, 1968 (revised enlarged from the 1967 Putnam's edition published under the title An Illustrated History of the Horror Film), p. 73.
6. "Rex Ingram Embracing Mohammedan Faith; Announces Abandoning Motion-Picture Field," New York Times, 2 July 1933
7. "NNDb profile." nndb.com. 
8. Carlos Clarens.Horror Movies: An Illustrated Survey. London: Secker and Warburg, 1968 (revised enlarged from the 1967 Putnam's edition published under the title An Illustrated History of the Horror Film), p. 73.

"The Defiant Ones" Actor, Musician, & Activist Theodore Bikel 2015 Hillside Cemetery


Theodore Meir Bikel (pronounced bih-KEL; May 2, 1924 – July 21, 2015) was an Austrian-American Jewish[1][2] actor, folk singer, musician, composer, and activist.

He made his stage debut in Tevye the Milkman in Tel Aviv, Israel, when he was in his teens. He later studied acting at Britain's Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and made his London stage debut in 1948 and in New York in 1955. He was also a widely recognized and recorded folk singer and guitarist. In 1959 he co-founded the Newport Folk Festival and created the role of Captain von Trapp opposite Mary Martin as Maria in the original Broadway production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's The Sound of Music. In 1969 Bikel began acting and singing on stage as Tevye in the musical Fiddler on the Roof, a role he performed more often than any other actor to date. The production won nine Tony Awards and was one of the longest-running musicals in Broadway history.

Bikel was president of the Associated Actors and Artistes of America and was president of Actors' Equity in the late 1970s and early 1980s. He served as the Chair of the Board of Directors of Partners for Progressive Israel,[3] where he also lectured.



Early years

Theodore Bikel was born into a Jewish family[4] in Vienna, Austria, the son of Miriam (née Riegler) and Josef Bikel, from Bukovina.[5] As an active Zionist, his father named him after Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern Zionism. Following the German union with Austria in 1938, Bikel's family fled to Mandatory Palestine, where his father's contacts helped the family obtain British passports. Bikel studied at the Mikve Yisrael agricultural school and joined Kibbutz Kfar HaMaccabi.[6]

Bikel started acting while in his teens. He performed with Habimah Theater in 1943 and was one of the founding members of the Cameri Theatre, which became a leading Israeli theater company.[6][7] He described his acting experience there as similar, if not better, than the Method acting techniques taught at the Actors Studio in New York. "The Habimah people were much closer to the Method, indeed, than Lee Strasberg was, because they were direct disciples of Stanislavski."[8]

In 1945, he moved to London to study at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art.[9] Bikel moved to the United States in 1954, and became a naturalized citizen in 1961.[10]



Career

Actor

In 1948, Michael Redgrave recommended Bikel to his friend Laurence Olivier as understudy for the parts of both Stanley Kowalski and Mitch in the West End premiere of Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire.[11] Bikel graduated from understudy to star opposite the director's wife, Vivien Leigh, with a sudden unplanned performance when a co-star, playing the role of Mitch, came down with a case of flu. Bikel showed up backstage and went directly to Leigh's dressing room to ask if she wanted to rehearse with him, to make sure he was right for the part. She replied that she did not need to: "Go and do it," she said. "You are a professional, and Larry gave you this job because he trusted you to do it well." After the show, Leigh told him, "Well done."[8]

For most of his acting career, he became known for his versatility in playing characters of different nationalities, claiming he took on those different personalities so his acting would "never get stale."[10] On television he played an Armenian merchant on Ironside, a Polish professor on Charlie's Angels, and American professor on The Paper Chase, a Bulgarian villain on Falcon Crest, a Russian on Star Trek: The Next Generation, and an Italian on Murder, She Wrote.[10]



In movies, he played a German officer in The African Queen (1951) and The Enemy Below (1957), a Southern sheriff in The Defiant Ones, and a Russian submarine captain in the comedy The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming (1966). He also portrayed the sadistic General Jouvet in The Pride and the Passion (1957), and was screen-tested for the role of Auric Goldfinger in the James Bond film Goldfinger (1964).[12] In My Fair Lady (1964), he played an overbearing Hungarian linguist.[10]



He made his Broadway debut in 1955 in "Tonight in Samarkind" and in 1958 was nominated for a Tony for "The Rope Dancers." In 1959, he created the role of Captain von Trapp in the original production of The Sound of Music, which earned him a second Tony nomination.[7] Bikel did not like his role, however, because his ability to sing was underutilized, nor did he like performing the same role of the Captain repeatedly. When the composers, Rodgers and Hammerstein, realized Bikel was an accomplished folksinger, they wrote the song "Edelweiss" specifically for him to sing and accompany himself on the guitar.[13]



In 1964, he played Zoltan Karpathy, the dialect expert, in the film version of My Fair Lady. Since his first appearance as Tevye in the musical Fiddler on the Roof in 1967, Bikel had performed the role more often than any other actor (more than 2,000 times). When an injury required 74-year-old fellow Israeli performer Chaim Topol (veteran of many productions of the stage show and star of the motion picture of Fiddler on the Roof) to withdraw from a high-budget, much-promoted 2009 North American tour of the musical, Bikel substituted for him in several appearances in 2010.[14]



Bikel was a guest star on many popular television shows. He appeared in an episode of the 1954 NBC legal drama Justice based on cases from the Legal Aid Society of New York.[15] He also appeared in the episode entitled "The Faithful Pilgrimage" of CBS's Appointment with Adventure anthology series. The particular episode was written by Rod Serling. He also appeared in a second episode of Appointment with Adventure entitled "Return of the Stranger." Bikel also appeared in Frank Zappa's 1971 film 200 Motels.



Later, Bikel guest starred on Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone (episode "Four O'Clock" as Oliver Crangle). He appeared on episodes of Wagon Train, Hawaii Five-O, Columbo, Charlie's Angels, The San Pedro Beach Bums, Cannon, Little House on the Prairie, Mission: Impossible, Gunsmoke, Dynasty, All in the Family, Knight Rider, Murder She Wrote, Fantasy Island, Law and Order, and Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer (episode "Elegy for a Tramp" as Gerringer and aired on January 28, 1987).



In the early 1990s, he appeared on Star Trek: The Next Generation, in the episode "Family," playing Sergey Rozhenko, the Russian-born adoptive father of Worf. Bikel performed two roles in the Babylon 5 universe, in 1994 as Rabbi Koslov in the first season episode "TKO" and in 1998, as Ranger leader Lenonn in the TV movie Babylon 5: In the Beginning.



Bikel was nominated for the Drama Desk Award in 2010 for outstanding solo performance for “Sholom Aleichem: Laughter Through Tears,” an off-Broadway play which he also wrote.[13][16] In 2012, Bikel played the title role in Visiting Mr. Green with the Harold Green Jewish Theatre Company in Toronto, Ontario.[17] In 2013, Bikel starred in Journey 4 Artists, a documentary which celebrates the power of music and religious diversity.[18][19]



Folksinger and composer

In 1955, at the suggestion of Jac Holzman of Elektra Records,[20] Bikel began recording songs, including several albums of Jewish folk songs and songs from Russia and other countries, making over 20 contemporary and folk music albums during his career.[21] For those, he played acoustic guitar alone or accompanied by other musicians. He was able to sing in 21 different languages, including Yiddish, Hebrew, German, Russian, Hungarian, Romanian, French, medieval Spanish, Zulu and English. 



His early albums included Israeli Folk Songs (1955) and Songs of Russian Old and New (1960).[10] One of his Russian albums was entitled Songs of a Russian Gypsy, in 1958, where he introduced the folk tune, "Kretchma."[22] Bikel's live performances were issued on two albums: Bravo Bikel (1959), and Bikel on Tour(1963).[23]



In 1959 Bikel co-founded the Newport Folk Festival (together with Pete Seeger, Harold Leventhal, Oscar Brand, and George Wein). He performed a number of recorded duets with Judy Collins at various festivals and on television.[24][25] During an interview, when asked what inspired him to become involved in organizing a folk festival, he said that music was "one of the few answers to the chaos that we have," one of the only recourses to avoid social strife, and a means of giving youth hope for a better world.[10][26]

Bikel viewed then 21-year-old Bob Dylan as one of those young performers expressing emotional and social messages through song.[26] In 1963, Bikel joined Dylan, Seeger, Peter, Paul and Mary and Joan Baez for the festival grand finale as they sang "Blowin' in the Wind" and "We Shall Overcome."[27] Following the festival, Bikel, Seeger and Dylan traveled to a planned rally in Greenwood, Mississippi to perform Dylan's newly-written song, "Only a Pawn in Their Game," about the man who murdered Medgar Evers, head of the NAACP.[27] Originally, only Bikel and Seeger were scheduled to perform, but Bikel wanted Dylan to go with them. He told Dylan's manager, Albert Grossman, "I'll tell you what. Buy him a ticket. Don't tell him where it came from. Tell him it's time to go down and experience the South."[28]

Bikel's close friendship with Seeger was sometimes tested as a result of the festival's choice of performers. On one occasion, Seeger became infuriated and wished he had an ax to cut the electrical cables because of the poor audio during Bob Dylan's legendary performance accompanied by the Paul Butterfield Blues Band. Seeger expected Bikel to support him: "Theo, for Chrissake—tell them. Set them straight!" Bikel stepped forward and told Seeger, "Peter, this band, these rebels—they are us. They are what we were twenty years ago. Remember?" Seeger stared at him "like a trauma victim," as Bikel succeeded in calming Seeger down enough to let the group finish their songs.[29] In 1965, Bikel, as well as Seeger, was shocked when Bob Dylan turned electric at the Festival, an event some call "Dylan's declaration of musical independence."[30][31]

In 1962, Bikel became the first singer besides Dylan to perform "Blowin' in the Wind" in public. His 1964 album A Folksinger's Choice featured Jim McGuinn (as he was then known) on banjo.[23] Bikel (with business partner Herb Cohen) opened the first folk music coffeehouse in Los Angeles, The Unicorn. Its popularity led to the two opening a second club, Cosmo Alley, which in addition to folk music presented poets such as Maya Angelou and comics including Lenny Bruce. Bikel became increasingly involved with civil rights issues and progressive causes, and was a delegate to the 1968 Democratic Convention.[32]



Personal life

Bikel was married four times. He married Ofra Ichilov in 1942. They divorced the following year. His second marriage was in 1967 to Rita Weinberg Call with whom he has two children. They divorced in 2008. He married conductor Tamara Brooks later that year. She died in 2012. He married Aimee Ginsburg on December 29, 2013.[10]

Bikel died on July 21, 2015, at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles of natural causes, according to publicist Harlan Boll. Bikel is survived by his wife, Aimee Ginsburg-Bikel, his sons from his second marriage, Robert and Daniel, and three grandchildren.[10]



Theodore Bikel is buried at Hillside Cemetery in Culver City, California. 





Political activism

Bikel was a longtime activist in the civil rights and human rights movements, participating as a fundraiser with performances.[10] He co-founded the Actors Federal Credit Union in 1962, and in 1968 he was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.[10] He was president of Actors' Equity from 1977 to 1982 in which office he supported human rights causes. Since 1988 he had been president of the Associated Actors and Artistes of America.[33]

Upon hearing of his death, Actors’ Equity wrote: "From the time he joined Equity in 1954, Bikel has been an advocate for the members of our union and his extraordinary achievements paved the way for so many. No one loved theater more, his union better or cherished actors like Theo did. He has left an indelible mark on generations of members past and generations of members to come. We thank you, Theo, for all you have done."[13]




Bikel was an active supporter and campaigner for John F. Kennedy. He did some of his campaigning during the run of Sound of Music which got him into trouble with the producers, who did not think it was becoming for an actor. He recalls, "I would go out sometimes between matinee and evening performances, go to a rally and speak from a flat-bed truck, and then come back to the theater." The producers stopped complaining, however, when after one show he was picked up backstage by a limousine carrying Eleanor Roosevelt, and he accompanied her to a Democratic rally as her special guest.[34]

At the 1977 AFL–CIO Convention, Bikel welcomed the Russian dissident Vladimir Bukovsky upon his release from the Soviet Union.[35] He was arrested in front of the Soviet Embassy in Washington in 1986 while protesting the plight of Soviet Jews.[10]

President Jimmy Carter appointed him to serve on the National Council for the Arts in 1977 for a six-year term.[36] In 2007 he served as chair of the Board of Directors of Meretz USA (now Partners for Progressive Israel).[37]

He was a member of the High IQ collective Mensa International.[38]



Bibliography

Bikel, Theodore (2002). Theo: An Autobiography. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0299182847.



Awards and recognition

1959 – Academy Award nomination for The Defiant Ones[10]
1992 – Honorary Doctorate of the University of Hartford[39]
1997 – Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Foundation for Jewish Culture[40]
2005 – Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (6233 Hollywood Blvd.)[41]
2008 – Golden Rathausmann of Vienna (November 27)[37]
2009 – Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class (November 15)[37][42]
2014 – Lifetime Achievement Award from Rhode Island International Film Festival (August)




Discography

Folk Songs of Israel (1955), Elektra[23][43]




An Actor’s Holiday (1956), Elektra[23]





A Young Man and a Maid (with Cynthia Gooding) (1957), Elektra[23]





Theodore Bikel Sings Jewish Folk Songs (1958), Elektra[23]


To Broadway, To Life!: The Musical Theater of Bock and Harnick[44]





Folk Songs from Just about Everywhere (with Geula Gill) (1959), Elektra[23]

More Jewish Folk Songs (1959), Elektra[23][45]
Bravo Bikel (Town Hall Concert) (1959), Elektra[23]
Songs of Russia Old and New (1960), Elektra[23][45]
Newport Folk Festival 1960 (5 songs), Elektra[23]





The Sound of Music (Original Broadway Cast) (1960), Columbia Records[46]

From Bondage to Freedom (1961), Elektra[23]
A Harvest of Israeli Folk Songs (1961), Elektra[23]
The Poetry and Prophesy of The Old Testament (1962), Elektra[23][47]





The Best of Bikel (1962), Elektra[23]

Theodore Bikel on Tour (1963), Elektra[23]
A Folksinger’s Choice (1964), Elektra[23]
The King and I (1964), Columbia Records[48]
Yiddish Theatre and Folk Songs (1965), Elektra[23]
Songs of the Earth (with The Pennywhistlers) (1967), Elektra[23]
Theodore Bikel Is Tevye (1968), Elektra
A New Day (1970), Reprise Records[49]





Silent No More (Soviet Jewish Underground) (1972), Star Records[23]

Theodore Bikel for the Young (1973), Peter Pan Records[50]
Theodore Bikel Sings Jewish Holiday Songs (1987)[51]
A Passover Story (1991), Western Wind[52]
A Chanukkah Story (1992), Western Wind[53]
Theodore Bikel Sings Jewish Folk Songs (CD reissue, 1992), Bainbridge Records[45]
Theodore Bikel Sings More Jewish Folk Songs (CD reissue, 1992) Bainbridge Records[45]
Rise up and Fight–Songs of Jewish Partisans (1996), Holocaust Museum[54]
Tevye the Dairyman and the Railroad Stories (1996) Macmillan audio[55]
A Taste of Passover (1998), Rounder Records[56]
Classic Jewish Holiday and Shabbat Songs (2000), Sameach Records[23]
A Taste of Chanukkah (2000), Rounder Records[57]
Theodore Bikel's Treasury of Yiddish Folk and Theatre Songs (2004), Rhino Handmade[23]
In My Own Lifetime (2006), Jewish Music Group[23]
Our Song (with Alberto Mizrahi) (2007), Opus Magica Musica[58][59]


Partial filmography

The African Queen (1951)
Moulin Rouge (1952)
Never Let Me Go (1953)
A Day to Remember (1953)
The Kidnappers (US: The Little Kidnappers, 1953)
The Love Lottery (1954)




The Divided Heart (1954)

The Young Lovers (1954)
The Colditz Story (1955)
Above Us the Waves (1955)
The Vintage (1957)
The Pride and the Passion (1957)




The Enemy Below (1957)

Fräulein (1958)
I Bury the Living (1958)
The Defiant Ones (1958)
I Want to Live! (1958)
Woman Obsessed (1959)
The Angry Hills (1959)
The Blue Angel (1959)
A Dog of Flanders (1959)
My Fair Lady (1964) as Zoltan Karpathy
Sands of the Kalahari (1965)
The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming (1966)
Sweet November (1968)
My Side of the Mountain (1969)
Darker than Amber as Meyer (1970)




200 Motels (1971)

Victory at Entebbe (1976) (TV)
Testimony of Two Men (1977) (TV)
The Stingiest Man In Town (1978) (TV) (voice)
The Return of the King (1980) (voice)
Dark Tower (1989)
See You in the Morning (1989)
The Final Days (1989) (TV)
Shattered (1991)
Benefit of the Doubt (1993)
Shadow Conspiracy (1997)
Crime and Punishment (2002)



References

1. "Farewell to Jewish Actor, Singer Theodore Bikel, 91". The Jewish Press.
2. [1] Archived 14 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
3. "About Partners for Progressive Israel".
4. Jewish Journal: "Top 5 Jewish moments in ‘Trek’" by Adam Wills May 7, 2009
5. "Theodore Bikel Biography (1924–)". filmreference.com.
6. David B. Green, This Day in Jewish History / Singer, actor and activist Theodore Bikel is born Haaretz, February 5, 2014.
7. "Actor Theodore Bikel dies in LA at 91", Fox News Channel, July 21, 2015
8. Staggs, Sam. When Blanche Met Brando: The Scandalous Story of "A Streetcar Named Desire", Macmillan (2005) pp. 113–114
9. "Renowned actor and folk singer Theodore Bikel and conductor Tamara Brooks to visit Vassar College as Artists in Residence. February 10–18, 2008". Poughkeepsie, New York: Vassar College. 15 January 2008.
10. Severo, Richard; Blumenthal, Ralph (21 July 2015). "Theodore Bikel, Master of Versatility in Songs, Roles and Activism, Dies at 91". The New York Times. p. A24.
11. Bikel, Theodore. Theo: An Autobiography, pp. 56–57 at Google Books
12. Barnes, Alan; Hearn, Marcus. Kiss Kiss Bang! Bang!. The Overlook Press. p. 34. ISBN 087951874X.
13. "Theodore Bikel, ‘Fiddler on the Roof’ Star, Dies at 91", Variety, July 21, 2015
14. Slater, Robert (6 February 2013). "One more fiddle for the road". The Jerusalem Post.
15. "Justice". The Classic TV Archive.
16. Hodges, Ben. Theatre World 2009–2010, Applause Theatre and Cinema (2011) p. 149
17. "VISITING MR. GREEN - Harold Green Jewish Theatre Company - Professional Plays in Toronto". Hgjewishtheatre.com. 2012-02-18.
18. "Journey 4 Artists (2013)". IMDb.com.
19. "Journey 4 Artists ; A Michele Noble film". Journey4artists.com.
20. Theodore Bikel, Elektra Records
21. "Theodore Bikel, face of ‘Fiddler’s’ Tevye, dies at 91", The Times of Israel, July 21, 2015
22. Theodore Bikel — Kretchma (קרעטשמע). YouTube. 22 May 2013.
23. Strong, Martin C. (2010). The Great Folk Discography: Pioneers and Early Legends. Edinburgh: Polygon Books. pp. 25–26. ISBN 978-1-84697-141-9.
24. Judy Collins and Theodore Bikel – Newport Festival 1942. YouTube. 21 July 2015.
25. Judy Collins and YouTube. 12 December 2013.
26. video: "THEODORE BIKEL – INTERVIW – 1963 NEWPORT FESTIVAL", 4 min.
27. MacAdams, Lewis. Birth of the Cool: Beat, Bebop, and the American Avant Garde, Simon and Schuster (2001) p. 259
28. Sounes, Howard. Down the Highway: The Life of Bob Dylan, Grove Press (2011) e-book
29. Spitz, Bob. Dylan: A Biography, W. W. Norton and Company (1989) p. 304
30. Colby, Paul. The Bitter End: Hanging Out at America's Nightclub, Rowman and Littlefield (2002) p. 170
31. Wald, Elijah. Dylan Goes Electric!: Newport, Seeger, Dylan, and the Night That Split the Sixties, Dey Street Books (July, 2015) back cover
32. Rollins, Peter, ed. (12 September 2010). Hollywood's White House: The American Presidency in Film and History. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813127920.
33. "Theodore Bikel Dies: Actor and Longtime Union Activist Was 91", Deadline Hollywood, July 21, 2015
34. Davis, Ronald. Mary Martin, Broadway Legend, Univ. of Oklahoma Press (2008) p. 217
35. Chenoweth (1992, p. 4): Chenoweth, Eric (Summer 1992). "The gallant warrior: In memoriam Tom Kahn" (=PDF). Uncaptive Minds: A Journal of Information and Opinion on Eastern Europe (1718 M Street, NW, No. 147, Washington DC 20036, USA: Institute for Democracy in Eastern Europe (IDEE)) 5 (20, number 2): 5–16. ISSN 0897-9669.
36. Kennedy, Mark (July 21, 2015). "Home> Entertainment Stage and Film Star Theodore Bikel Dies in LA at 91". ABC News.
37. "Jon Hammond with the great Theodore Bikel last night in Freight and Salvage Coffeehouse", CNN, March 9, 2013
38. Grosswirth, Marvin; Salny, Abbie F. (23 January 1983). The Mensa genius quiz. Addison-Wesley Publishing. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-201-05958-8.
39. Bikel, Theodore (2006-07-04). "Theodore Bikel - Bio". Bikel.com.
40. "Theodore Bikel to receive lifetime achievement award in Scottsdale", Scottsdale Independent, Dec. 16, 2014
41. "Theodore Bikel". The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce.
42. "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 1919.
43. "Judaica Sound Archives : Folk Songs Of Israel-Theodore Bikel and Nico Feldman". Faujsa.fau.edu. 

44. Oxford Univ. Press (2011) pp. 166–168
45. Lambert, Philip. To Broadway, To Life!: The Musical Theater of Bock and Harnick, Oxford Univ. Press (2011) pp. 166–168
46. "Theodore Bikel - "Edelweiss" from THE SOUND OF MUSIC". YouTube.
47. This album was later retitled "Theodore Bikel does "Song of Songs" and other Biblical Prophesies" reissued on Everest Records with Marian Seldes as Shulamit.)
48. "The King and I (Studio Cast Recording (1964)): Studio Cast of The King and I (1964): MP3 Downloads". Amazon.com.
49. "THEODORE BIKEL - a new day LP - Amazon.com Music". Amazon.com.
50. "Theodore Bikel: For The Young: Music". Amazon.com.
51. Theodore Bikel. "Theodore Bikel: Classic Jewish Holiday and Shabbat Songs: Music". Amazon.com.
52. "Sephardic Song, Yehezkel Braun, Andre Hajdu, Elliot Z. Levine, Louis Lewandowski, Charlie Morrow, Moyshe Oysher, Salomone Rossi, Western Wind Vocal Ensemble - The Passover Story - Narrated by Theodore Bikel with Traditional Music". Amazon.com.
53. "Theodore Bikel, Western Wind Ensemble: Chanukkah Story: Music". Amazon.com.
54. "Frieda Enoch Noble Voices Theodore Bikel - Rise Up and Fight! Songs of Jewish Partisans - Amazon.com Music". Amazon.com.
55. "Tevye the Dairyman and the Railroad Stories: Sholem Aleichem, Theodore Bikel, Hillel Halkin: 9781559273794: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com.
56. "A Taste of Passover: Theodore Bikel: Movies and TV". Amazon.com.
57. "Various Artists - A Taste of Chanukah - Amazon.com Music". Amazon.com.
58. "Theodore Bikel". Theodore Bikel.
59. "Freedman Catalogue lookup: work Theodore Bikel/ Alberto Mizrahi / Our Song". upenn.edu.