Moses Harry Horwitz (June 19, 1897 – May 4, 1975), known professionally as Moe Howard, was an American actor and comedian best known as the de facto leader of the Three Stooges, a group that originally started out as Ted Healy and his stooges, an act that toured the vaudeville circuit, the farce comedy team who starred in motion pictures and television for four decades. His distinctive hairstyle came about when he was a boy and cut off his curls with a pair of scissors, producing a ragged shape approximating a bowl cut.
On June 7, 1925 Moe Howard married Helen Schonberger, a cousin of magician Harry Houdini. The next year, Helen pressured Moe to leave the stage, since she was pregnant and wanted Moe nearer to home. Moe attempted to earn a living in a succession of "normal" jobs, none of which was very successful, and soon returned to working with Ted Healy. Moe and Helen had two children, Joan Howard (born 1927) and Paul Howard (born 1935).
Howard died of lung cancer at age 77 on May 4, 1975, at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles where he had been admitted a week earlier in April, just over three months after Larry Fine's death. He was a heavy smoker for much of his adult life. He was interred in an outdoor crypt at Culver City's Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery.
Helen died of a heart attack later that year on October 31, 1975 at age 75 and was interred in the crypt next to him on the right.
At the time of his death, Moe was working on his autobiography, titled "I Stooged to Conquer." Moe's autobiography was released in 1977 as Moe Howard and the Three Stooges.