Hayedeh, also transcribed as Haideh or Haydeh or Heideh, born as Ma'soumeh Dadehbala (April 10, 1942 – January 20, 1990) was an Iranian singer of Persian classical, Folk, and pop music with a contralto vocal range. She was active for more than two decades, and is considered as one of the most popular singers of 20th-century Iran.
Early life and career
Hayedeh and Anoushiravan Rohani at the National Iranian Radio and TV, Tehran, 1975 Ma'soumeh Dadehbala was born on April 10, 1942 in Tehran, the elder sister of singer Mahasti.
Her professional career began in 1968 as a singer on a Persian traditional music program in Radio Tehran called "Gol hâ ye Rangârang" (Persian: گلهای رنگارنگ "Colorful Flowers") directed by Davoud Pirnia.
Hayedeh studied Avaz (Persian vocal music) with the Persian violinist and composer Ali Tajvidi.
"Azadeh" (1968), which was composed by Ali Tajvidi, and was written by Rahi Moayeri, was Hayedeh's first official hit and debut also. It was first performed in 1968 on Radio Tehran with the Gol-ha Orchestra. In this year she released another titled Raftam (1968).
In the 1970s Hayedah added Persian pop music to her classical Persian repertoire. In this period Hayedeh worked with several songwriters, such as Fereydoun Khoshnoud, Jahanbakhsh Pazouki, Anoushiravan Rohani and Mohammad Heydari. "Bezan Tar," "Gol-e Sang," "Nowrouz Aamad," and "Soghati" were among her works during this period.
After the revolution and leaving Iran
On August 29, 1978, shortly before the Islamic Revolution in Iran, Hayedeh immigrated to the United Kingdom. She stayed there for three years and moved to the United States in 1982 to continue her career.
Hayedeh lived in Los Angeles from 1982 until the end of her life. The growth of the Iranian community in Southern California due to the increasing number of people leaving Iran after the revolution bolstered Hayedeh's career in the 1980s.
Hayedeh released many successful albums during this time, and all her songs were bootlegged in Iran. Hayedeh's political and nostalgic songs such as "Rouzaye Roshan," "Ghesseyeh Man," "Zendegi" became very popular with the Iranian exile community.
Her songwriters and producers in the United States were mostly Sadegh Nojouki, Mohammad Heydari and Andranik. Songwriters she worked with were Ardalan Sarfaraz, Homa Mir-Afshar and Bijan Samandar. Songwriter who wrote more than 30 of Hayedeh's songs and hits was her best friend Leila Kasra (a.k.a. Hedieh), who was featured in many of her albums reciting her poems. During her exile, Hayedeh regularly appeared on the Los Angeles-based Iranian TV channels IR TV, Jaam-E-Jam.
Death and burial
On January 20, 1990, several hours after a concert at the Casablanca Club in San Francisco, California, Hayedeh died from a heart attack. She was 47 years old. She had a history of diabetes and hypertension. Hayedeh was to perform a live concert in Bahrain just weeks after her sad, tragic death. Khosrow Motarjemi, a Persian IT expert in California, recorded a video of this three and a half hour concert, which for unknown reasons has never been officially released.
On January 24, 1990, Hayedeh was buried at the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, California. She had been recording an album shortly before her death and was due to finish recording it after she returned from her concert in San Francisco.
Hayedeh's albums are still best sellers and her songs are constantly played on Iranian TV and radio channels. Many of her ageless songs are sung by famous Iranian pop singers. Houshmand Aghili performed Hayedeh’s "Sarab," Parviz Rahman Panah remixed her "Saal," Shahla Sarshar performed a tragic song called "In Memory of Hayedeh," singer Amir did a cover of Hayedeh's song "Soghati" in 2008 and Mahasti performed three songs in memory of her late sister.
According to Prof. Erik Nakhjavani in Encyclopædia Iranica: "Analogous to Delkash, before her, Hayedeh sang with technical authority and passionate energy. Her laryngeal control made it possible for her to produce a series of graceful vibrato and glissando vocalizations required by the Avaz Persian vocal music. She could smoothly pass from the upper reaches of her alto voice to the lower, fuller, and darker range of the contralto. This mixture of strong laryngeal strength and learned vocal technique gave her alto-contralto voice a rare, powerful resonance and texture in the performance of the Avaz. Furthermore an acute sense for musical timing, the rhythmic flow of vocal music, affective musical phrasing, and poetic delivery enabled her to express and interpret effectively any songs she sang."
Iranian pianist and journalist Pejman Akbarzadeh have made a documentary "Hayedeh Legendary Persian Diva" about Hayedeh which was screened in Amsterdam in January 2009 for the first time. The documentary had its US premiere in May 2009 at the Noor Iranian Film Festival in Los Angeles and nominated as the Best Documentary at the festival. The film was also screened at 9th International Exile Film Festival (Sweden) and 4th Iranian Film Festival in the Netherlands.
The documentary was released on DVD on January 20, 2010, the 20th death anniversary of Hayedeh, by "Persian Dutch Network" in Amsterdam.
Afsaneh Shirin' (1970) - with Shajarian
Hamkhooneh (1984) – with Vigen Derderian
Shabeh Eshgh (1985)
Safar (1988) – with Moein
Ei Zendegi Salaam (1989)
Golhayeh Ghorbat (1990) – with [[Moein]
Bezan Taar (1991)
Gol Vaajeh (1991)
Khoda Hafez (1991)
Paadeshah Khoobaan (1992)
Roozaayeh Roshan (1992)
Shabeh Asheghan – with Sattar
Bolboli Ke Khaamosh Shod
Best of Hayedeh
40 Golden Hits of Hayedeh
40 Hayedeh Golden Songs, Vol I
Hayedeh Golden Songs, Vol II
Shirin Jaan, Hayedeh 4
Dashtestani, Hayedeh 5
Afsaneh Shirin, Hayedeh 8
1. "HAYEDEH ... at a Glance." Hayedeh Documentary Project. 2 June 2010.
2. "In Memory of the Persian Legendary Diva HAYEDEH (1942-1990)." Persian Heritage/Payvand News. 19 January 2006.
3. "Hayedeh." Encyclopedia Iranica. 15 December 2003.
4. "Hayedeh Documentary Released by Persian Dutch Network." Gooya News. 20 January 2010.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hayedeh.
Hayedeh on IMDb
Hayedeh discography at MusicBrainz
Hayedeh Documentary Project website (in English and Persian)
Hayedeh and a documentary about her, iranian.com, April 2009. (in English)
Hooman Khalatbari, "Speaking of Hayedeh and a God Given Voice," BBC.co.uk
Profile, Radio Zamaneh (in Persian)
Hayedeh: Legendary Persian Diva on YouTube, documentary trailer
Hayedeh Live Performance at National TV, Tehran, 1977 (video)
Legendary Domain Since 2003
Hayedeh at Find a Grave Edit this at Wikidata