Saturday, September 30, 2017

"Detour" Director Edgar Georg Ulmer 1972 Beth Olam at Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Edgar Georg Ulmer (September 17, 1904 – September 30, 1972) was a Jewish-Moravian,[1] Austrian-American film director who mainly worked on Hollywood B movies and other low-budget productions. His stylish and eccentric works came to be appreciated by auteur theory-espousing film critics over the years following his retirement. Ulmer's most cherished productions are the bizarre Universal Horror film The Black Cat[2] (1934) and the seminal film noir Detour[3] (1945). Most of his other films remain rather obscure.


Ulmer was born in Olomouc, in what is now the Czech Republic. As a young man he lived in Vienna, where he worked as a stage actor and set designer while studying architecture and philosophy. He did set design for Max Reinhardt's theater, served his apprenticeship with F. W. Murnau, and worked with directors including Robert Siodmak, Billy Wilder, Fred Zinnemann and cinematographer Eugen Schüfftan, inventor of the Schüfftan process. He also claimed to have worked on Der Golem (1920), Metropolis (1927), and M (1931), but there is no evidence to support this. Ulmer came to Hollywood with Murnau in 1926 to assist with the art direction on Sunrise (1927). In an interview with Peter Bogdanovich, he also recalled making two-reel westerns in Hollywood around this time.[4]

The first feature he directed in North America, Damaged Lives (1933), was a low-budget exploitation film exposing the horrors of venereal disease. His next film, The Black Cat (1934), starring Béla Lugosi and Boris Karloff, was made for a major studio, Universal Pictures. Demonstrating the striking visual style that would be Ulmer's hallmark, the film was Universal's biggest hit of the season.[5] 

Shirley Ulmer

Ulmer, however, had begun an affair with Shirley Beatrice Kassler, who had been married since 1933 to independent producer Max Alexander, nephew of Universal studio head Carl Laemmle. Shirley's divorce in 1936 and her subsequent marriage to Ulmer the same year led to his being exiled from the major Hollywood studios. Ulmer would spend most of his directorial career making B movies at Poverty Row production houses.[6] His wife, now Shirley Ulmer, would act as script supervisor on nearly all of his films, and she wrote the screeenplays for several. Their daughter, Arianne, appeared as an extra in several of his films.

Shirley, Edgar, and Arianne Ulmer

Consigned to the fringes of the U.S. motion picture industry, Ulmer specialized first in "ethnic films," notably in Ukrainian—Natalka Poltavka (1937), Cossacks in Exile (1939)—and Yiddish—The Light Ahead (1939), Americaner Shadchen (1940).[7] The best-known of these ethnic films is the Yiddish Green Fields (1937), co-directed with Jacob Ben-Ami. Ulmer eventually found a niche making melodramas on tiny budgets and with often unpromising scripts and actors for Producers Releasing Corporation (PRC), with Ulmer describing himself as "the Frank Capra of PRC."[8][9] 

Ulmer's PRC thriller Detour (1945) has won considerable acclaim as a prime example of low-budget film noir, and it was selected by the Library of Congress among the first group of 100 American films worthy of special preservation efforts. In 1947, Ulmer made Carnegie Hall with the help of conductor Fritz Reiner, godfather of the Ulmers' daughter, Arianné. The film features performances by many leading figures in classical music, including Reiner, Jascha Heifetz, Artur Rubinstein, Gregor Piatigorsky and Lily Pons.[10] 

Ulmer did get a chance to direct two films with substantial budgets, The Strange Woman (1946) and Ruthless (1948). The former, featuring a strong performance by Hedy Lamarr, is regarded by critics as one of Ulmer's best. In 1951 he directed a low-budget science-fiction film with a noirish tone, The Man from Planet X. In 1964 he directed his last film, The Cavern, in Italy.

Ulmer died in 1972 in Woodland Hills, California, after a crippling stroke. He is interred in the Beth Olam Hall of David Mausoleum in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood, CA. His wife, Shirley Ulmer, is interred with him. 

Commemorating the 30th anniversary of his death, a three-day symposium of lectures and screenings was held at New York City's New School in November 2002. In 2005, researcher Bernd Herzogenrath uncovered the address where Ulmer was born in Olomouc. A memorial plaque commemorating Ulmer's birth home was unveiled on September 17, 2006, on the occasion of Ulmerfest 2006—the first European academic conference devoted to Ulmer's work.

The moving image collection of Edgar G. Ulmer is held at the Academy Film Archive. The film material at the Academy Film Archive is complemented by material in the Edgar G. Ulmer papers at the Academy’s Margaret Herrick Library.[11]

Partial filmography

as set designer (disputed):

Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam (1920)
Sodom und Gomorrha (1922)
Metropolis (1927)
M (1931)

as co-director

Menschen am Sonntag (1929)

as director:

Damaged Lives (1933)
The Black Cat (1934)
Thunder Over Texas (1934)
From Nine to Nine (1935)[12]
Natalka Poltavka (1937)
Green Fields (1937)
The Singing Blacksmith (1938)
The Light Ahead (1939)[13]
Cossacks in Exile (1939)
Moon Over Harlem (1939)
Tomorrow We Live (1942)
My Son, the Hero (1943)[14]
Girls in Chains (1943)
Isle of Forgotten Sins (1943)
Jive Junction (1943)[15]

Bluebeard (1944)

Strange Illusion (1945)
Detour (1945)
Club Havana (1945)
The Strange Woman (1946)
The Wife of Monte Cristo (1946)

Her Sister's Secret (1946)

Carnegie Hall (1947)

Ruthless (1948)

The Pirates of Capri (1949)

The Man from Planet X (1951)

St. Benny the Dip (1951)
Babes in Bagdad (1952)

Murder Is My Beat (1955)

The Naked Dawn (1955)

The Daughter of Dr. Jekyll (1957)
Naked Venus (1958)[16]
Hannibal (1959)

The Amazing Transparent Man (1960)

Beyond the Time Barrier (1960)
Journey Beneath the Desert (1961)
The Cavern (1964)

Personal quotes

"I really am looking for absolution for all the things I had to do for money's sake."[17]


1. Year of Jewish Culture - 100 Years of the Jewish Museum in Prague
2. The Black Cat at AllMovie
3. Ebert, Roger (1998-06-07). "Great Movies: Detour".
4. Bogdanovich, Peter (1997) Who the Devil made it : conversations with Robert Aldrich, George Cukor, Allan Dwan, Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock, Chuck Jones, Fritz Lang, Joseph H. Lewis, Sidney Lumet, Leo McCarey, Otto Preminger, Don Siegel, Josef von Sternberg, Frank Tashlin, Edgar G. Ulmer, Raoul Walsh in libraries (WorldCat catalog) (New York: Knopf) ISBN 978-0-3454-0457-2
5. Mank, Gregory William (1990). Karloff and Lugosi: The Story of a Haunting Collaboration (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland), p. 81.
6. Cantor, Paul A. (2006). "Film Noir and the Frankfurt School: America as Wasteland in Edgar G. Ulmer's Detour," in The Philosophy of Film Noir, ed. Mark T. Conard (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky), p. 143. ISBN 0-8131-2377-1.
7. Turan, Kenneth (2004). Never Coming To A Theater Near You: A Celebration of a Certain Kind of Movie (New York: PublicAffairs), p. 364. ISBN 1-58648-231-9.
8. p. 62 Robson, Eddie Edgar G. Ulmer Interview in Film Noir Virgin, 2005
9. p.241 Norman, Barry The Story of Hollywood New American Library, 1988
10. Cantor (2006), p. 150.
11. "Edgar G. Ulmer Collection". Academy Film Archive.
12. Nine to Nine on IMDb
13. The Light Ahead on IMDb
14. My Son, the Hero on IMDb
15. Jive Junction on IMDb
16. Naked Venus on IMDb
17. Bogdanovich (1997), p. 603.


Bernd Herzogenrath: Edgar G. Ulmer. Essays on the King of the B's. Jefferson, NC 2009, ISBN 978-0-7864-3700-9
Bernd Herzogenrath: "The Films of Edgar G. Ulmer" The Scarecrow Press, Inc. (2009) ISBN 978-0-8108-6700-0
Noah Isenberg: Detour. London: BFI Film Classics, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84457-239-7
Noah Isenberg: Edgar G. Ulmer: A Filmmaker at the Margins. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014. ISBN 978-0-5202-3577-9
Tony Tracy: "The Gateway to America": Assimilation and Art in Carnegie Hall (1947) in Gary D. Rhodes, 'Edgar G. Ulmer: Detour on Poverty Row', Lexington Books, 2008. ISBN 0-7391-2568-0

Friday, September 29, 2017

Baseball Player & Manager Casey Stengel 1975 Forest Lawn Glendale Cemetery

Charles Dillon "Casey" Stengel (/ˈstɛŋɡəl/; July 30, 1890 – September 29, 1975), was an American Major League Baseball right fielder and manager best known as the manager of both the championship New York Yankees of the 1950s, and later of the hapless expansion New York Mets. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966.

Stengel was born in Kansas City, Missouri. In 1910, he began a professional baseball career that would span over half a century. After almost three seasons in the minor leagues, Stengel made the major leagues as an outfielder for the Brooklyn Dodgers. His six seasons there saw some success, including as a member of Brooklyn's 1916 National League championship team, but he also developed a reputation as a clown. 

After repeated clashes with the Dodgers owner, Charlie Ebbets over pay, Stengel was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1918, but that summer enlisted in the Navy for the remainder of World War I. He continued his pay disputes, resulting in trades to the Philadelphia Phillies in 1919, and to the New York Giants in 1921. There he learned much about baseball from the manager, John McGraw, and had some of the glorious moments in his career, such as hitting an inside-the-park home run in Game 1 of the 1923 World Series to defeat the Yankees. His major league playing career ended with the Boston Braves in 1925, but he then began a career as a manager.

The first twenty years of Stengel's second career brought mostly poor finishes, especially during his MLB managerial stints with the Dodgers (1934–1936) and Braves (1938–1943). He thereafter enjoyed some success on the minor league level, and Yankee general manager George Weiss hired him as manager in October 1948. Stengel's Yankees won the World Series five consecutive times (1949–1953), the only time that has been achieved. Although the team won ten pennants in his twelve seasons, and won seven World Series, his final two years brought less success, with a third-place finish in 1959, and a loss in the 1960 World Series. By then aged 70, he was dismissed by the Yankees shortly after the defeat.

Stengel had become famous for his humorous and sometimes disjointed way of speech while with the Yankees, and these skills of showmanship served the expansion Mets well when they hired him in late 1961. He promoted the team tirelessly, as well as managing it to a 40–120 record, the worst of any team in the 20th century. The team finished last all four years he managed it, but was boosted by considerable support from fans. Stengel retired in 1965, and became a fixture at baseball events for the rest of his life. Although Stengel is sometimes described as one of the great managers in major league history, others have contrasted his success during the Yankee years with his lack of success at other times, and concluded he was only a good manager when given good players. Stengel is remembered as one of the great characters in baseball history.

Stengel showed signs of senility in his final years, and during the final year of his life, these increased. In his last year, Stengel cut back on his travel schedule, and was too ill to attend Yankees' Old-Timers Day game in August 1975, at which it was announced that Billy Martin would be the new team manager. A diagnosis of cancer of the lymph glands had been made, and Stengel realized he was dying. 

In mid-September, he was admitted to Glendale Memorial Hospital, but the cancer was inoperable. He died there on September 29, 1975. Stengel was interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale.

Thursday, September 28, 2017

Marilyn Monroe's Guardian Grace Goddard 1953 Westwood Village Cemetery

When Marilyn Monroe aka Norma Jeane was declared a ward of the state, her unfit mother Gladys's best friend, Grace Goddard (nee McKee) (Jan. 1, 1895 - Sep. 28, 1953), became her guardian. It was Grace who told Monroe that someday she would become a movie star. Grace was captivated by Jean Harlow, and would let Norma Jeane wear makeup and take her out to get her hair curled. They would go to the movies together, forming the basis for Norma Jeane's fascination with the cinema and the stars on screen.

When Norma Jeane was 9, McKee married Ervin Silliman "Doc" Goddard in 1935, and subsequently sent Monroe to the Los Angeles Orphans Home (later renamed Hollygrove), followed by a succession of foster homes. While at Hollygrove, several families were interested in adopting her; however, reluctance on Gladys' part to sign adoption papers thwarted those attempts. In 1937, Monroe moved back into Grace and Doc Goddard's house, joining Doc's daughter from a previous marriage. Reportedly, due to Doc's frequent attempts to sexually assault Norma Jeane, this arrangement did not last long.

Grace sent Monroe to live with her great-aunt, Olive Brunings, in Compton, California; this was also a brief stint ended by an assault (some reports say it was sexual) when one of Olive's sons had attacked the now middle-school-aged girl. Biographers and psychologists have questioned whether at least some of Norma Jeane's later behavior (i.e., hypersexuality, sleep disturbances, substance abuse, disturbed interpersonal relationships), was a manifestation of the effects of childhood sexual abuse in the context of her already problematic relationships with her psychiatrically ill mother and subsequent caregivers. 

In early 1938, Grace sent her to live with yet another one of her aunts, Ana Lower, who lived in the Van Nuys area of Los Angeles County. Years later, she would reflect fondly about the time that she spent with Lower, whom she affectionately called "Aunt Ana." She would explain that it was one of the only times in her life when she felt truly stable. As she aged, however, Lower developed serious health problems.

In 1942, Monroe moved back to Grace and Doc Goddard's house. While attending Van Nuys High School, she met a neighbor's son, James Dougherty (more commonly referred to as simply "Jim"), and began a relationship with him. Several months later, Grace and Doc Goddard decided to relocate to Virginia, where Doc had received a lucrative job offer. Although it was never explained why, they decided not to take Monroe with them.

Grace Goddard died on September 28, 1953. She was interred at Westwood Village Cemetery.

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Daughter of "The Mad Monk" Maria Rasputin 1977 Rosedale Cemetery

Maria Rasputin (baptized as Matryona Grigorievna Rasputina) (March 26, 1898 – September 27, 1977) was the daughter of Grigori Rasputin and his wife Praskovia Fyodorovna Dubrovina. She wrote two memoirs about her father, dealing with Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, the attack by Khionia Guseva and the murder. A third one, The Man Behind the Myth, was published in 1977 in association with Patte Barham. In her three memoirs, the veracity of which has been questioned,[5][6] she painted an almost saintly picture of her father, insisting that most of the negative stories were based on slander and the misinterpretation of facts by his enemies.

Early life

Matryona (or Maria) Rasputin was born in the Siberian village of Pokrovskoye, Tobolsk Governorate, on 26 March 1898, but baptized the next day. Some people believe she was born in 1899; that year is also on her tombstone, but since 1990 the archives in Russia opened up and more information became available for researchers. In September 1910 [7] she went to Kazan (perhaps the Kazan Gymnasium) and then came to St. Petersburg, where her first name was changed to Maria to better fit with her social aspirations.[8] Rasputin had brought Maria and her younger sister Varvara (Barbara) to live with him in the capital with the hope of turning them into "little ladies."[9] After being refused at the Smolny Institute[10], they attended Steblin-Kamensky private preparatory school in October 1913.

Her father

Entrance of Gorochovaia 64. Rasputin's apartment, No. 20, was on the third floor with a view in the courtyard,[11] but the Tsarskoe train station near. He lived this 5-room apartment from May 1914 with a housemaid, her niece and his two daughters. The little that is known about Rasputin's childhood was passed down by Maria.[12] Maria expressed her ideas about their surname; Rasputin. According to her, he was never a monk, but a starets. (as he was not an elder he would be referred to as a pilgrim.) For Maria, her father's healing practices on Tsarevich Alexei were based on magnetism.[13] According to Maria, Grigory did "look into" the Khlysti's ideas.[14]

Maria records that Rasputin was never the same after the attack by Khioniya Guseva on July 12, 1914.[15][16] Maria and her mother accompanied their father to hospital in Tyumen. Seven weeks later, Rasputin left the hospital an returned to St Petersburg. According to Maria her father started to drink dessert wines.[17]

Maria was briefly engaged during World War I to a Georgian officer named Pankhadze. Pankhadze had avoided being sent to the war front due to Rasputin's intervention and was doing his military service with the reserve battalions in Petrograd.[18] Maria liked to visit the opera and the Ciniselli Circus.

On December 17, 1916, Rasputin was lured to the Moika Palace for a house warming party organized by Felix Yussupov, whom Rasputin called "The Little One."[19] Yusupov had visited Rasputin regularly in the past few weeks or months.[20] The following day, the two sisters reported their father's missing to Anna Vyrubova. When traces of blood were detected on the parapet of the Bolshoy Petrovsky bridge, as well as one of Rasputin's galoshes, stuck between the bridge pile. Maria and her sister affirmed the boot belonged to their father.[21]

Maria asserts that after the attack by Guseva, her father suffered from hyperacidity and avoided anything with sugar.[22] She and her father's former secretary, Simanotvich, doubted he was poisoned at all.[23][24] It is Maria who mentioned the homosexual advances of Felix Yusupov towards her father. According to her he was murdered when this was denied. Fuhrmann does not believe Yusupov found Rasputin attractive.[25]

It is not clear whether Rasputin's two daughters were present at Rasputin's burial in Vyrubova's garden, next to the Alexander Palace and the surrounding park, although Maria claimed she was.[26][27] The two sisters were invited in the Alexandra palace to play with the four grand duchesses, quite often referred to as OTMA; meanwhile, Maria and her sister had moved into a smaller apartment, owned by her French teacher. They each received an allowance of 50.000 Rubles. In April 1917, their mother returned to Prokovskoe. On the next day the two sisters were locked up in the Tauride Palace and questioned. Boris Soloviev succeeded in gaining their release.

Life following the Revolution

Maria Rasputin being interviewed by a journalist from the Spanish magazine Estampa in 1930. Rasputin had persuaded Maria to marry Boris Soloviev, the charismatic son of Nikolai Soloviev, the Treasurer of the Holy Synod and one of her father's admirers.[28] Boris Soloviev, a graduate of a school of mysticism, quickly emerged as Rasputin's successor after the murder. Boris, who had studied Madame Blavatsky's theosophy,[29] hypnotism, attended meetings at which Rasputin's followers attempted to communicate with the dead through prayer meetings and séances.[30] Maria also attended the meetings, but later wrote in her diary that she could not understand why her father kept telling her to "love Boris" when the group spoke to him at the séances. She said she did not like Boris at all.[31] Boris was no more enthusiastic about Maria. In his own diary, he wrote that his wife was not even useful for sexual relations, because there were so many women who had bodies he found more attractive than hers.[32] In September 1917 Boris received jewels from the Tsarina to help arrange for their escape,[33] but according to Radzinsky, he kept the funds for himself. Nonetheless, she married Boris on October 5, 1917 in the chapel of the Tauride Palace. After the fall of the Russian Provisional Government the situation got worse. In spring 1918 the couple fled to her mother.[34] They lived in Pokrovskoye[31] Tyumen and Tobolsk.

Boris and her brother Dmitry turned in the officers who had come to Ekaterinburg to plan the escape of the Romanovs. Boris lost the money he had obtained from the jewels during the Russian civil war that followed.[35] Boris defrauded prominent Russian families by asking for money for a Romanov impostor to escape to China. Boris also found young women willing to masquerade as one of the grand duchesses for the benefit of the families he had defrauded.[36] (For more information on the betrayal and jewels see the account of Baroness Sophie Buxhoeveden.)


Then Boris and Maria escaped to Vladivostok, where they lived for almost a year. Boris was arrested by the White army and sent to Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai. Also Maria was questioned by Nikolai Sokolov about the Romanov jewels, which had disappeared.[37] The White émigrés got detained by the revolutionaries. After Tatyana (1920-2009) was born they left by ship for Ceylon, Suez, Trieste and Prague, where the couple opened a Russian restaurant, but business was slow. Then she was invited to work in Vienna. Their second daughter Maria (1922-1976) was born in Baden, Austria.[38] Maria took dancing lessons in Berlin and stayed with Aron Simanovich, her father's former "bookkeeper." They settled in Montmartre, Paris, where Boris worked in a soap factory, as night porter, car-washer and for Waterman pens; they lived at Avenue Jean Jaurès. He died of tuberculosis in July 1926 in Hôpital Cochin. Maria was offered a job as a cabaret dancer, only because of her name.[39]) She took more dancing lessons to support their two young daughters and invited her sister Varvara to come to Paris, but she died in Moscow.

After Felix Yussupov published his memoir (in 1928) detailing the death of her father, Maria sued Yussupov and Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia in a Paris court for damages of $800,000. She condemned both men as murderers and said any decent person would be disgusted by the ferocity of Rasputin's killing.[40] Maria's claim was dismissed. The French court ruled that it had no jurisdiction over a political killing that took place in Russia.[41][42][43] Maria published the first of three memoirs about Rasputin in 1929: The Real Rasputin.

In 1929 she worked at Busch Circus, where she had to dance to "the tragedy of my father's life and death,and be brought face to face on the stage with actors who were impersonating him and his murderers. Every time I have to confront my father on the stage a pang of poignant memory shoots through my heart, and I could break down and weep."[44][45] In 1932 Rasputin, My Father was published. In January 1933 she performed in Cirque d'hiver with a pony act.[46] In December 1934 Maria was in London. In 1935 she found work in the Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus, based in Peru, Indiana.[47] The circus toured America and Maria acted one season as a lion tamer, billing herself as "the daughter of the famous mad monk whose feats in Russia astonished the world."[48] She was mauled by a bear in May 1935[49] but stayed with the circus until it reached Miami, Florida, where she quit before it ceased operations.[50] In 1938 her two daughters were denied entry to the USA.[51] Maria was ordered to leave the country within 90 days, but then, in March 1940, she married Gregory Bernadsky, a childhood chum and former White Russian Army officer, in Miami.[52] In 1946 they divorced and she became a U.S. citizen. In 1947 the youngest of her daughters married in Paris Gideon Walrave Boissevain (1897-1985), ministre plénipotentiaire in Greece, Chile, Israel and the Dutch ambassador to Cuba.[38][53]

She began work as a riveter, either in Miami or in a San Pedro, Los Angeles, California shipyard during World War II.[39] Maria worked in defense plants until 1955 when she was forced to retire because of her age. After that, she supported herself by working in hospitals, giving Russian lessons, and babysitting for friends.[54]

In 1968 Maria claimed to be psychic and said Betty Ford had come to her in a dream.[39] At one point, she said she recognized Anna Anderson as Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, a claim she would later recant.[55] Maria had two pet dogs, whom she called Youssou and Pov after Felix Yussupov.[56]

During the last years of her life, she lived in Los Angeles, living on Social Security benefits. Her home was at 3458 Larissa Drive in the Silverlake, an area of Los Angeles with Russian émigrés. As of 2013, the original home is still standing. Maria is buried in Angelus Rosedale Cemetery.[57]


Maria told her grandchildren that her father taught her to be generous, even in times when she was in need herself. Rasputin said she should never leave home with empty pockets, but should always have something to give to the poor.[58] Her granddaughter Laurence Huot-Solovieff, the daughter of Maria's daughter Tatyana, recalled in 2005 [58] that according to Maria, their infamous great-grandfather was a "simple man with a big heart and strong spiritual power, who loved Russia, God, and the Tsar."

See also

In 1990 Patte Barham published a cookbook Peasant to Palace, based on recipes by Maria Rasputin, which includes recipes for jellied fish heads and her father's favorite, cod soup.[59]

A fictionalized account of Maria's life appeared in the 2006 novel Rasputin's Daughter, by Robert Alexander. 

Nicholas and Alexandra: An Intimate Account of the Last of the Romanovs and the Fall of Imperial Russia

The Spokesman-Review - Nov 18, 1967

The Palm Beach Post - Jul 25, 1977

"Favorite daughter of Grigori Rasputin Maria," allrussia


1. Fuhrmann, p. 13.
2. California State Death Index, Name: Maria G. Rasputin, Birth Date: 03-27-1898 [sic], Sex: Female, Death Place: Los Angeles Co. (19), Death Date: 09-27-1977, SSN: 115-09-2290, Age: 78 yrs. [sic]
3. U.S. Social Security Death Index, Name: Maria Bern, Birth: 27 Mar 1889, SSN: 115-09-2290, Issued: New York, Death: Sep 1977, Last Residence: 90026 (Los Angeles, Los Angeles Co., CA).
4. "". 
5. van der Meiden, p. 84.
6. Fuhrmann, p. X
7. Douglas Smith (2016) Rasputin, p. 170, 182.
8. Alexander, Robert, Rasputin's Daughter, Penguin Books, 2006, ISBN 978-0-14-303865-8, pp. 297-298
9. Edvard Radzinsky, The Rasputin File, Doubleday, 2000, ISBN 0-385-48909-9, p. 201.
10. Fuhrmann, p. 134.
11. Петербургские квартиры Распутина. 
12. Rasputin.
13. Rasputin, p. 33.
14. Moynahan, p. 37.
15. Mon père Grigory Raspoutine. Mémoires et notes (par Marie Solovieff-Raspoutine) J. Povolozky and Cie. Paris 1923; Matrena Rasputina, Memoirs of The Daughter, Moscow 2001. ISBN 5-8159-0180-6 (in Russian)
16. Rasputin, p. 12.
17. Rasputin, p. 88.
18. Radzinsky, The Rasputin File, p. 385
19. Radzinsky, The Rasputin File, pp. 452-454
20. Maria Rasputin, p. 13
21. Radzinsky, The Rasputin File, pp. 452-454
22. Rasputin, pp. 12, 71, 111.
23. A. Simanotwitsch (1928) Rasputin. Der allmächtige Bauer. p. 37
24. Radzinsky (2000), p. 477.
25. Fuhrmann, p. 204.
26. Rasputin, p. 16
27. Fuhrmann, p. 222
29. Moe, p. 628.
30. Robert K. Massie, Nicholas and Alexandra, Dell Publishing Co., 1967, ISBN 0-440-16358-7, p. 487
31. Massie, p. 487
32. Radzinsky, Edvard, The Last Tsar, Doubleday, 1992, ISBN 0-385-42371-3, p. 230
33. Moe, p. 628-629.
34. Fuhrmann, p. 233.
35. Radzinsky, The Rasputin File, pp. 493-494
36. Occleshaw, Michael, The Romanov Conspiracies: The Romanovs and the House of Windsor, Orion Publishing Group Ltd., 1993, ISBN 1-85592-518-4 p. 47
39. Barry, Rey (1968). "Kind Rasputin". "The Daily Progress (Charlottesville, Virginia, USA)". 
40. King, Greg, The Man Who Killed Rasputin, Carol Publishing Group, 1995, ISBN 0-8065-1971-1, p. 232
41. King, p. 233
42. Fuhrmann, p. 236
43. Moe, p. 630.
45. Getty Images
46. [1]
48. Massie, p. 526
50. Women of the American Circus, 1880-1940, p. 162 by Katherine H. Adams, Michael L. Keene
51. [2]
52. Time magazine (March 4, 1940). "Milestones, Mar. 4, 1940". Time magazine. 
53. Amsterdam City Archives
54. Wallechinsky, David; Wallace, Irving (1975–1981). "People's Almanac Series". "Famous Family History Grigori Rasputin Children". 
56. King, p. 277
58. Stolyarova, Galina (2005). "Rasputin's Notoriety Dismays Relative". "The St. Petersburg Times(St. Petersburg, Russia)".
59. Alexander, pp. 297-298


Robert Alexander, Rasputin's Daughter, Penguin Books, 2006, ISBN 978-0-14-303865-8
Fuhrmann, Joseph T. (2013). Rasputin, the untold story (illustrated ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. ISBN 978-1-118-17276-6.[3]
Greg King, The Man Who Killed Rasputin, Carol Publishing Group, 1995, ISBN 0-8065-1971-1
Robert K. Massie, Nicholas and Alexandra, 1967, Dell Publishing Co., ISBN 0-440-16358-7
Massie, Robert K (2004) [originally in New York: Atheneum Books, 1967]. Nicholas and Alexandra: An Intimate Account of the Last of the Romanovs and the Fall of Imperial Russia (Common Reader Classic Bestseller ed.). United States: Tess Press. ISBN 1-57912-433-X. OCLC 62357914.
Meiden, G.W. van der (1991). Raspoetin en de val van het Tsarenrijk. De Bataafsche Leeuw. ISBN 9067072788.
Moe, Ronald C. (2011). Prelude to the Revolution: The Murder of Rasputin. Aventine Press. ISBN 1593307128.
Moynahan, Brian (1997). Rasputin. The saint who sinned. Random House. ISBN 0306809303.
Michael Occleshaw, The Romanov Conspiracies: The Romanovs and the House of Windsor, Orion Publishing Group Ltd., 1993, ISBN 1-85592-518-4
Radzinsky, Edvard (2000). Rasputin: The Last Word. St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia: Allen and Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-529-4. OCLC 155418190. Originally in London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Radzinsky, Edvard (2010). The Rasputin File. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-307-75466-0.
Edvard Radzinsky, The Rasputin File, Doubleday, 2000, ISBN 0-385-48909-9
Edvard Radzinsky, The Last Tsar, Doubleday, 1992, ISBN 0-385-42371-3
Rasputin, M. (1934). My father.