Tuesday, January 6, 2015

"Wizard of Oz" Director Victor Fleming 1949 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Victor Fleming (February 23, 1889 – January 6, 1949) was an American film director, cinematographer, and producer. His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz (1939), and Gone with the Wind (1939), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director.


Victor Fleming was born in La Canada, California. He served in the photographic section during World War 1, and acted as chief photographer for President Woodrow Wilson in Versailles, France.[1] He showed a mechanical aptitude early in life; while working as a car mechanic he met the director Allan Dwan, who took him on as a camera assistant. Fleming soon rose to the rank of cinematographer, working with both Dwan and D. W. Griffith, and directed his first film in 1919.

Many of Fleming's silent films were action movies, often starring Douglas Fairbanks, or Westerns, and with his robust attitude and love of outdoor sports he became known as a "man's director". But he also proved an effective director of women. Under his direction, Vivien Leigh won the Best Actress Oscar, Hattie McDaniel won for Best Supporting Actress, and Ingrid Bergman was nominated. (In fact, nine actors who appeared in films directed by Fleming were Oscar-nominated.)


In 1932 Fleming joined MGM and directed some of the studio's most prestigious films. Red Dust (1932), Bombshell (1933), and Reckless (1935) showcased Jean Harlow, while Treasure Island (1934) and Captains Courageous (1937) brought a touch of literary distinction to boy's-own adventure stories. His two most famous films came in 1939, when The Wizard of Oz was closely followed by Gone with the Wind.

Fleming's version of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941), with Spencer Tracy, was generally rated below Rouben Mamoulian's 1931 Pre-Code version, which had starred Fredric March. Fleming's 1942 film version of John Steinbeck's Tortilla Flat starred Spencer Tracy, John Garfield, Hedy Lamarr, and Frank Morgan. Other films that Fleming made with Tracy include Captains Courageous (for which Tracy won his first Oscar), A Guy Named Joe, and Test Pilot. He directed Clark Gable in a total of five films - Red Dust, The White Sister, Test Pilot, Gone With the Wind, and Adventure.

Fleming died suddenly from a heart attack soon after completing Joan of Arc (1948) with Ingrid Bergman. It was one of the few films that he did not make for MGM. Despite mixed reviews, Fleming's film version of the life of Joan received seven Academy Award nominations, winning two Academy Awards. Victor Fleming is buried at Hollywood Forever Cemetery.

Partial directorial filmography

Joan of Arc (1948)
Adventure (1945)
A Guy Named Joe (1943)
Tortilla Flat (1942)
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941)
Gone with the Wind (1939)
The Wizard of Oz (1939) (co-director)
The Great Waltz (1938) (uncredited)
Test Pilot (1938)
Captains Courageous (1937)
The Good Earth (1937) (uncredited)
The Farmer Takes a Wife (1935)
Reckless (1935)
Treasure Island (1934)
Bombshell (1933)
The White Sister (1933)
Red Dust (1932)
The Wet Parade (1932)
Renegades (1930)
Common Clay (1930)
The Virginian (1929)
The Wolf Song (1929)
Abie's Irish Rose (1929)
The Awakening (1928)
The Rough Riders (1927)
Hula (1927)
The Way of All Flesh (1927)
Mantrap (1926)
The Blind Goddess (1926)
Lord Jim (1925)
A Son of His Father (1925)
Adventure (1925)
The Devil's Cargo (1925)
Code of the Sea (1924)
Empty Hands (1924)
The Call of the Canyon (1923)
To the Last Man (1923)
Law of the Lawless (1923)
Dark Secrets (1923)
Anna Ascends (1922)
Red Hot Romance (1922)
The Lane That Had No Turning (1922)
Woman's Place (1921)
Mama's Affair (1921)
The Mollycoddle (1920)
When the Clouds Roll By (1919)


1.^ "Victor Fleming Biography". biography.com. http://www.biography.com/articles/Victor-Fleming-9297044. Retrieved June 26, 2010.

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