Tuesday, May 14, 2019

"Bedlam" Actress Anna Lee 2004 Westwood Village Cemetery

Anna Lee, MBE (born Joan Boniface Winnifrith; January 2, 1913 – May 14, 2004)[1][2] was a British-born American actress.[3][4]



Lee trained at the Royal Albert Hall,[5] then made her debut with a bit part in His Lordship (1932), when she was 19.[3] She played a number of minor, often uncredited, roles in films during the early 1930s. She gradually began to get more prominent roles in quota quickies, particularly those made for Paramount British.[6] She became known for her roles in films set amongst the wealthy particularly in Chelsea Life (1933), in which she starred with Louis Hayward. The film was set in the artistic community of Chelsea.[7]

On the strength of her performances in quota films, in 1934 Lee signed a contract with Gainsborough Pictures, which was the biggest British production company of the era. She played leading lady roles in a variety of different genres at Gainsborough including a comedy-thriller The Camels Are Coming, a drama The Passing of the Third Floor Back, a horror film The Man Who Changed His Mind and a war film OHMS. She appeared in the 1935 Jessie Matthews musical First a Girl as the aristocratic other woman. In 1937 she starred in one of the studio's large-budget productions, King Solomon's Mines.[8]

She had met her first husband, the director Robert Stevenson while shooting The Camels are Coming on location in Egypt.[9] During 1938 she took time off from acting to give birth to her first child.[10] 

In 1939 she and her husband switched to Ealing Studios which was now being run by Michael Balcon the former head of Gainsborough. She played a nineteenth century Irish music hall performer who falls in love with an aristocrat in the comedy Young Man's Fancy (1939) and a journalist who helps the heroes thwart a foreign enemy's plot against Britain in The Four Just Men (1939).[3]

Her final film in Britain was Return to Yesterday about a young repertory theatre actress who falls in love with a Hollywood star she meets while touring in a small seaside town.[11] With the Second World War imminent, she and Stevenson then went to the United States.[1] She remained supportive of the British war effort and in 1943 appeared alongside other British actors in Forever and a Day, which was made to raise money for British charities.[12][13]

United States

When she and her husband moved to Hollywood she became associated with John Ford, appearing in several of his films, notably How Green Was My Valley, Two Rode Together and Fort Apache.[14] 

She co-starred with John Wayne and John Carroll in Flying Tigers (1942).[15]

She worked for producer Val Lewton in the horror/thriller Bedlam (1946).

She had a lead role opposite Brian Donlevy and Walter Brennan in Fritz Lang's Hangmen Also Die! (1943), a wartime thriller about the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich.[16][17] 

Lee made frequent appearances on television anthology series in the 1940s and 1950s, including Robert Montgomery Presents, The Ford Theatre Hour, Kraft Television Theatre, Armstrong Circle Theatre and Wagon Train. She made a guest appearance on Perry Mason as Crystal Durham in "The Case of the Unsuitable Uncle" (1962).[18]

In 1958 she returned to Britain to appear in John Ford's Gideon's Day, in which she played the detective's wife.[19] She had a small, but memorable, role as Sister Margaretta in The Sound of Music, one of the two nuns who thwarted the Nazis by removing car engine parts, allowing the Von Trapps to escape.[20] Lee appeared in the 1962 classic What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? in a small role as Mrs. Bates, a neighbour of the sisters played by Joan Crawford and Bette Davis.[19] In 1994, Lee took the leading role in the feature film What Can I Do?, directed by Wheeler Winston Dixon.[21][22]

In later years, she became known to a new generation as matriarch Lila Quartermaine on General Hospital and Port Charles until being removed from contract and dropped to recurring status in 2003 by Jill Farren-Phelps, which was widely protested in the soap world and among General Hospital actors.[23] According to fellow GH actress Leslie Charleson, Lee had been promised a job for life by former GH executive producer Wendy Riche. Charleson said in 2007, "The woman was in her 90s. And then when the new powers-that-be took over they fired her, and it broke her heart. It was not necessary."[23]

Personal life

Anna Lee was born Joan Boniface Winnifrith in Ightham, Kent, the daughter of Bertram Thomas Winnifrith, a headmaster and Anglican rector who supported his daughter in her desire to become an actress, and his second wife, Edith Maude Digby-Roper.[1] Her middle name "Boniface" derives from the saint from whom the Winnifrith family was descended. Her father came from a long line of clergy. As far back as A.D. 680, there was a Benedictine monk named Winifried or Winfrith from Devonshire who was consecrated Archbishop of Mainz in A.D. 711. Lee's grandfather, the Reverend Alfred Winnifrith, was Rector of Mariansleigh. During WWI he provided for Belgian refugees and was awarded the Medaille du Roi Albert. Lee's brother Sir John Winnifrith, was a senior British civil servant who became permanent secretary at the Ministry of Agriculture. She was the goddaughter of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and lifelong friend of his daughter, Dame Jean Conan Doyle.[24]

She married her first husband, the director Robert Stevenson, in 1934 and moved to Hollywood in 1939. They had two daughters, Venetia and Caroline. Venetia Stevenson, an actress as well, was married to Don Everly of the Everly Brothers and has three children, Edan, Erin, and Stacy. 

Lee and Stevenson divorced in March 1944, with Venetia and Caroline electing to live with their father. 

She met her second husband, George Stafford, as the pilot of the plane on her USO tour during the Second World War. They married on June 8, 1944, and had three sons, John, Stephen and Tim Stafford.[25] Tim Stafford is an actor under the stage name of Jeffrey Byron. Lee and Stafford divorced in 1964. 

Her final marriage, to novelist Robert Nathan (The Bishop's Wife, Portrait of Jennie), on April 5, 1970, ended at his death in 1985. Lee became a naturalized US citizen under the name Joanna Boniface Stafford (#123624) on April 6, 1945; certificate issued June 8, 1945 (#6183889, Los Angeles, California).

In the 1930s, Lee occupied a house at 49 Bankside in London; she was later interviewed by writer Gillian Tindall for a book written about the address, The House by the Thames, released in 2006. Since first built in 1710, the house had served as a home for coal merchants, an office, a boarding house, a hangout for derelicts and finally once again a private residence in the 1900s. The house is listed in tour guides as a famous residence and has been variously claimed as possibly being home to Christopher Wren during the construction of St. Paul's Cathedral, and previously claimed residents included Catherine of Aragon and William Shakespeare.[26]

Lee was a staunch Conservative and stated that her views coincided with those of Sir Winston Churchill.[27][28][29]

Awards and honours

On May 21, 2004, she was posthumously awarded a Daytime Emmy Lifetime Achievement Award; she was scheduled for months to receive the award, but died from pneumonia at age 91 before she could receive it.[30] Her son, Jeffrey Byron, accepted the award on her behalf. On July 16, 2004, General Hospital aired a tribute to Lee by holding a memorial service for Lila Quartermaine.

Anna Lee is interred at Westwood Village Memorial Park in Los Angeles, California. 


Year Title Role Notes

1932 Ebb Tide  Uncredited
Say It with Music  
His Lordship Scrub Girl Chorine Uncredited
1933 The King's Cup Minor Role Uncredited
Yes, Mr. Brown  Uncredited
Mayfair Girl Bit Role Uncredited
The Bermondsey Kid  
Chelsea Life Muriel Maxton 
Mannequin Babette 
1934 Faces Madeleine Pelham 
Rolling in Money Lady Eggleby 
Lucky Loser Ursula Hamilton 
The Camels are Coming Anita Rodgers 

1935 Heat Wave Jane Allison 

The Passing of the Third Floor Back Vivian 
First a Girl Princess Miranoff 

1936 The Man Who Changed His Mind Dr Wyatt 

1937 OHMS Sally Briggs 

King Solomon's Mines Kathleen O'Brien 

Non-Stop New York Jennie Carr 

1939 The Four Just Men Ann Lodge 

Young Man's Fancy Miss Ada 

1940 Return to Yesterday Carol Sands 
Seven Sinners Dorothy 

1941 My Life with Caroline Caroline 

How Green Was My Valley Bronwyn 
1942 Flying Tigers Brooke Elliott 
Commandos Strike at Dawn Judith Bowen 
1943 Forever and a Day Cornelia Trimble-Pomfret 

Flesh and Fantasy Rowena (Episode #2)

Hangmen Also Die! Masha Novotny 

1944 Summer Storm Nadena Kalenin 

1946 Bedlam Nell Bowen 

G.I. War Brides Linda Powell 
1947 The Ghost and Mrs. Muir Mrs Miles Fairley 
High Conquest Marie Correl 

1948 Fort Apache Mrs Emily Collingwood 

Best Man Wins Nancy Smiley 

1949 Prison Warden Elisa Pennington Burnell 
1958 Gideon's Day Mrs Kate Gideon 
The Last Hurrah Gert Minihan 

1959 The Horse Soldiers Mrs Buford 

This Earth Is Mine Charlotte Rambeau 

The Crimson Kimono Mac 

Jet Over the Atlantic Ursula Leverett 
1960 The Big Night Mrs Turner 
1961 Two Rode Together Mrs Malaprop 

1962 The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Mrs. Prescott Uncredited

Jack the Giant Killer Lady Constance 

Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? Mrs Bates 

Mutiny on the Bounty  Uncredited
1964 For Those Who Think Young Laura Pruitt 
The Unsinkable Molly Brown Titanic Passenger in Lifeboat Uncredited
1965 The Sound of Music Sister Margaretta 
1966 7 Women Mrs Russell 
Picture Mommy Dead Elsie Kornwald 

1967 In Like Flint Elisabeth 

1968 Star! Hostess Uncredited
1978 Legend of the Northwest  
1979 The Night Rider Lady Earl 
1987 Right Hand Man Worn Woman 
Beyond the Next Mountain Governor's Wife 
1989 Listen to Me Garson's Grandmother 
Beverly Hills Brats Gertie 
1994 What Can I Do Elderly Woman 

Year Title Role Notes

1950 Robert Montgomery Presents Frances Lawrence 1 episode
1951 Studio One Anita Derr 1 episode
1952 Robert Montgomery Presents Ann Hammond 2 episodes
1958 Peter Gunn Sister Thomas Aquina 1 episode
1960 The Barbara Stanwyck Show  1 episode
1963 The Alfred Hitchcock Hour Roberta Saunders 1 episode
1964 The Movie Maker  TV movie
1965 Combat! Sister Lescaut (episode: "The Enemy")
1966 My Three Sons Louise Allen 1 episode
1967 Gunsmoke Amy Bassett 1 episode
1973 My Darling Daughters' Anniversary Judge Barbara Hanline TV Movie
1977 Eleanor and Franklin: The White House Years Laura Delano TV Movie
1978 The Beasts Are on the Streets Mrs Jackson TV movie

1979–2003 General Hospital Lila Quartermaine 77 episodes, (final appearance)

1980 Scruples Aunt Wilhelmina 3 episodes
1997 Port Charles Lila Quartermaine 


1. Bergan, Ronald (18 May 2004). "Anna Lee". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
2. Leslie Halliwell (November 1988). Halliwell's filmgoer's companion: incorporating The filmgoer's book of quotes and Halliwell's movie quiz. Grafton. p. 421. ISBN 978-0-246-13322-9.
3. "Anna Lee".
4. "Anna Lee – Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos – AllMovie". AllMovie.
5. "Anna Lee".
6. Chibnall, pp.40–41
7. Chibnall, pp. 117–18
8. "King Solomon's Mines (1937) – Robert Stevenson – Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related – AllMovie". AllMovie.
9. The Unknown 1930s p. 163
10. The Unknown 1930s, p. 173
11. The Unknown 1930s p.174-76
12. "Forever and a Day (1943) – René Clair, Edmund Goulding, Cedric Hardwicke, Frank Lloyd, Victor Saville, Kent Smith, Robert Stevenson, Herbert Wilcox – Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related – AllMovie". AllMovie.
13. "Forever and a Day (1943) – René Clair, Edmund Goulding, Cedric Hardwicke, Frank Lloyd, Victor Saville, Kent Smith, Robert Stevenson, Herbert Wilcox – Cast and Crew – AllMovie". AllMovie.
14. "Anna Lee – Movies and Filmography – AllMovie". AllMovie.
15. "Flying Tigers (1942)".
16. "Bedlam (1946)".
17. "Hangmen Also Die! (1943) – Fritz Lang – Cast and Crew – AllMovie". AllMovie.
18. "Perry Mason: The Case of the Unsuitable Uncle (1962) – Francis D. Lyon – Cast and Crew – AllMovie". AllMovie.
19. "Gideon's Day (1958)".
20. "The Sound of Music (1965) – Robert Wise – Cast and Crew – AllMovie". AllMovie.
21. "What Can I Do? (1994)".
22. "Wheeler Winston Dixon – MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art.
23. Soap Opera Weekly, 13 February 2007, p. 2
24. Lee, Anna; Roisman Cooper, Barbara (2007). Anna Lee: Memoir of a Career on General Hospital and in Film. McFarland and Company (Jefferson, North Carolina/London). ISBN 978-0-7864-3161-8.
25. Star Diary, 10 October 1954.
26. "The city's other shore". The Economist. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 23 December 2016. Things pick up in the 1930s, when the house was briefly occupied by Anna Lee, a starlet. The author tracked her down in 2003; she was living in Beverly Hills, having built a second career on the marathon American soap opera General Hospital. She remembered the house fondly; her sister recalled being escorted home by policemen, as the neighbourhood was thought to be dangerous.
27. Obituary, latimes.com; accessed 22 September 2015.
28. Obituary, independent.co.uk; accessed 22 September 2015.
29. Interview, westernclippings.com; accessed 22 September 2015.
30. "Anna Lee, 91: General Hospital Actress".


Chibnall, Steve. Quota Quickies: The Birth of the British 'B' Film. British Film Institute, 2007.
Richards, Jeffrey (ed.). The Unknown 1930s: An Alternative History of the British Cinema, 1929–1939. I.B. Tauris and Co, 1998.

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